Luke 20:34-36 (ESV):

And Jesus said to them, “The sons of this age marry and are given in marriage, but those who are considered worthy to attain to that age and to the resurrection from the dead neither marry nor are given in marriage, for they cannot die anymore, because they are equal to angels and are sons of God, being sons of the resurrection.

Christ said that in the resurrection we will be equal to the angels.

MOON GOD/GODDESS , GENESIS 15 (calf/hepher/Taurus & Abraha


“Sin, (Akkadian), Sumerian Nanna, in Mesopotamian religion, the god of the moon. Sin was the father of the sun god, Shamash (Sumerian: Utu), and, in some myths, of Ishtar (Sumerian: Inanna), goddess of Venus, and with them formed an astral triad of deities.”


← The Dawn Is the Sun male? Part 1: The Northern Sun →

Selene (Roman Luna), Titan Goddess of the Moon. Photo from Wikimedia Commons, attributed to Antmoose.

Roman fresco of Diana the virgin huntress.

The Egyptian Moon God Thoth.

The Egyptians thought the Ibis’ beak looked like the crescent moon. Photo by Cyron Ray Macey.

Mary on the Moon, Bartolome Esteban Perez Murillo (1617-1682)

← The Dawn Is the Sun male? Part 1: The Northern Sun →

Is the Moon female?

Posted on September 18, 2010

It is popular in modern times, especially in neopagan circles, to think of the moon as representing a goddess. But what did the ancients think? Was the moon female to them?


classical Greece and Rome, the answer to that question is clearly yes. The original Greek Moon Goddess was Selene, a Titan, or one of the gods of the generation prior to the more famous Olympians. Selene, as the moon, was the sister of Helios, the sun, and Eos, the dawn. Eos is an extremely ancient goddess, descended from an Indo-European Goddess of the Dawn, who was seen as the shining morning sun and daughter of the Sky God. In Greek myth she opened the gates of the east each morning and rode out in a chariot. Soon after, she was followed by Helios who ruled the day in a glowing chariot pulled by fiery horses.

Like her brother and sister, Selene rode a chariot across the sky. Hers was led by moon-white horses who pulled her upward from Ocean as her brother Helios finished his descent at Ocean’s western edge.

Later, Selene’s lunar traits were absorbed by Artemis, the virgin huntress, one of the 12 Olympians. Artemis was a daughter of Zeus and sister to Apollo, who absorbed the solar traits of Helios. Her mother, one of many mistresses of Zeus, gave birth to Apollo and Artemis in hiding from Zeus’ jealous wife, Hera. The story says that Artemis was born first and acted as midwife for her mother. Thus began the paradoxical idea attached to Artemis of a virgin who refused marriage and motherhood, but who was responsible for the protection of mothers and young children. When Rome conquered Greece, they identified Artemis with their own hunting goddess, Diana, and carried her story and worship throughout the western world as they grew their empire.

In late Roman times, Diana absorbed the traits of many goddesses, becoming an all encompassing divine figure. In Ephesus, in modern day Turkey, she merged with the mother goddess Cybele and became a sort of virgin-and-mother who influenced the development of the Christian Mary. Paradoxically, those who continued to worship her as Diana were eventually condemned as witches by the Catholic church. Thus the source of neopagan lunar goddess mythology may simply be Greco-Roman religion carried on in the country side (pagan meant a rural person). Just as is true today, country people tended to be conservative, which in medieval times would mean sticking to the old Roman religion.

So much for Greece and Rome, but, ancient as they were, they were hardly the first civilizations on the block. What about the really ancient cultures, the ones who emerged in the fertile crescent 5,000 years ago, creating the first cities and the first written records in history? Was the moon female to the ancient Egyptians or the Sumerians and Babylonians of Mesopotamia (Iraq)? It may surprise you to learn that the answer is no. To these very old cultures, the moon was male, a god. In Sumer this god was Nanna, in Babylon the same god was called Sin. Nanna was the father of the sun god Utu and the Queen of Heaven, Inanna (later Ishtar), who was identified with the planet Venus, known then as the morning and evening star. Nanna was the patron god of the city of Ur (from which Father Abraham left before going on to found the Jewish nation). Ancient Sumerian documents describe Nanna as “The lord [who] has burnished the heavens; he has embellished the night…When he comes forth from the turbulent mountains, he stands as Utu stands at noon.” Another description says he has “great strength inspiring awe in the Land, with the just crown and the shining sceptre, sparkling over the high mountains.”

In Egypt, the Moon God was Thoth, God of Wisdom and Magic, who was credited with the invention of writing. Thoth was depicted with the head of an ibis.

In later times, Egypt’s Queen of Heaven, Isis, would be one of several goddesses whose original solar connections would be replaced by lunar ones, but this is probably due to the fact that first the Greeks and then the Romans took over Egypt and made Isis popular throughout the Hellenized and Roman world, where she began, like Diana, to absorb other characteristics on her way to becoming a sort of uber-Goddess of everything. It’s worth noting that Diana and Isis were among Christianity’s chief rivals for popular worship in Christian Rome and both goddesses bear more than a little resemblance to the newest Queen of Heaven, Mary, who is often depicted standing on the moon.

Over time, then, in the foundational cultures of Western Civilization, the Queen of Heaven went through a metamorphosis, switching from an earlier association with Venus, the sun, and the dawn, to an identification with the moon.

This entry was posted in Artemis/Diana, Egyptian, goddess, Greek/Roman Goddesses, Inanna, Isis, Mary, moon goddesses, Queen of Heaven, sky goddesses, Sumerian/Babylonian and tagged ancient views of the feminine, artemis, babylonian mythology, catholic mythology, dianna, egyptian mythology, greco-roman goddesses, inanna, ishtar, isis, mary, mary as goddess, moon goddesses, moon gods, myths of the feminine, myths of the masculine, nanna, queen of heaven, sky goddesses, sky gods, sumerian mythology, thoth. Bookmark the permalink.

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“Its earliest appearance in writing may be in the biblical Book of Exodus, in which the elder sister of Moses is called Miriam. The origin of the Hebrew: םָיְרִמ , Modern Miryam, Tiberian Miryām is not clear. It may mean “wished-for child”, “bitter”, “rebellious” or “strong waters”.”


BITTER/SWEET (Amos 5 & Job 38:31-33=PLEIADES, SR





MASCULINE (groom=Orion, 1 man)
FEMININE bride=7 women, 7 sta



In ancient Mesopotamia, enormous pyramidal towers called ziggurats were built with steps along the sides, a symbolic attempt to connect people on Earth with the divinities above. With her latest installation, Iranian artist Shirin Abedinirad reinterprets this missive with a twist on the ancient structure: a mirrored pyramid whose reflective surface brings the sky down to Earth.







EXODUS 6:20 And Amram took him Jochebed his father’s sister to wife; and she bare him Aaron and Moses: and the years of the life of Amram were an hundred and thirty and seven years.

NUMBERS 26:59 And the name of Amram’s wife was Jochebed, the daughter of Levi, whom her mother bare to Levi in Egypt: and she bare unto Amram Aaron and Moses, and Miriam their sister.


Table of Contents —Biblical Data: —In Rabbinical Literature:

AMRAM, FATHER OF MOSES. Instapaper Tweet Tweet

By: John Dyneley Prince, Kaufmann Kohler

—Biblical Data: A son of Kohath, and grandson of Levi. He married his own aunt, Jochebed, Kohath’s sister, by whom he became the father of Moses, Aaron, and Miriam (Ex. vi. 18-20; Num. iii. 19, xxvi. 58; I Chron. vi. 2, 3, 18). From him were descended the Amramites, a Kohathite branch of the tribe of Levi. This family is mentioned in the record of the Mosaic census (Num. iii. 27) and in I Chron. xxvi. 23, where is given the account of the organization of the Levites in David’s time (see Moses). —In Rabbinical Literature: When Jochebed, daughter of Levi—born on the day when Jacob entered Egypt with his family (B. B. 120a, 123b; Gen. R. cxiv.)—was over one hundred and twenty years old, Amram, her nephew—born on the same day as she, according to the Testament of the Patriarchs (Levi, xii.)—married her (Ex. R. i.); and she bore him a daughter called Miriam (mar=bitterness) because of the embitterment of life which had then begun for the Jews, and a son named Aaron (derived from harah, to conceive) because every expectant mother feared for her child. But when Pharaoh issued the edict that every male child was to be cast into the river, Amram separated himself from his wife, saying, “Why should we beget sons that are to be killed?” His example as head of the Jewish high-court was followed by the others. Then his daughter Miriam reproached him, saying to him: “Thy cruelty exceeds even that of Pharaoh!” Whereupon Amram celebrated for a second time his wedding with his wife, who, though one hundred and thirty years old, had under the nuptial canopy become like a young maiden. Aaron and Miriam danced before her, while angels sang, “A joyous mother of children”—Psalm cxiii. 9 (So ah, 12a). Amram’s example had a good effect upon all, but upon Miriam came the spirit of prophecy, and she said: “My mother will give birth to one who will redeem Israel from bondage!” And when, at the birth of Moses, the house was filled with light as on the first day of Creation when God spoke, “Behold, it is good!” (Gen. i. 4, Ex. ii. 2), Amram exclaimed: “My daughter, thy prophecy is beingfulfilled!” But when Moses was placed by his mother in an ark in the river, Amram again cried out: “O my daughter, what has become of thy prophecy?” Wherefore Miriam remained standing on the shore watching what “would be done unto him in the far-off time” (So ah, 12a). The Haggadah has besides much to relate of Amram, the father of Moses, that is not even referred to in the Biblical story. Amram, like Jesse the father of David (and Benjamin the son of Jacob, and Kilab the son of David), died without sin; or, as the expression is, “owing only to the effect of the poison of the serpent.” Consequently he was one of those whose body did not fall a prey to worms or decay (B. B. 17a, Derek Ere Zu a, i.). He was, like Ahijah of Shiloh, one of the long-lived saints whose life extended over many generations of Jews, to whom he became a transmitter of ancient lore. He instructed even Ahijah, the prophet, in the doctrines taught by the patriarch Jacob. Being the son of Kohath, who, though the second son of Levi, was the one chosen to “lead the assemblies of people in worship” (= ehat ‘ammim) and therefore, the real heir to Levi, the tenth one (beginning the count from the youngest) of the twelve tribes and for this reason the consecrated bearer of Abraham’s blessings and Jacob’s traditions (Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs, Levi, xi.; Book of Jubilees, xxxii.; Gen. R. lxx.), Amram was the “chief of his generation” (So ah. 12a). When war broke out between Egypt and Canaan, and the Israelites saw this to be the opportunity for taking the bones of all the sons of Jacob (except Joseph’s) to the Holy Land and burying them in the cave of Machpelah, Amram was one of those who took part in the sacred task, and, while most of the people returned to Egypt, he with a few others remained for a long time in the city of Hebron (Book of Jubilees, xlvi. 11). Bibliography: Beer, Leben Moses (fragment), in Jahrbuch für Jüdische Gesch. und Litt. iv.; Baring-Gould, Legends of the O. T. Patriarchs, pp. 259 et seq.; Chronicle of Moses, in Jellinek, B. H. ii. 2; Chronicle of Jerahmeel, translated by Gaster, p. 106.

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Next page Previous English » » Bible » » Hebrews Chapter Eleven » » Amram a Levite, the father of Moses, Hebrews 11:23and Exodus 2:1-10 and 6:14-20

Amram a Levite, the father of Moses, Hebrews 11:23 and Exodus 2:1-10 and 6:14-20

By faith Amram and his wife Jochebed hid their son, Moses, even it was against the king of Egypt’s edict which was that all Hebrew boys shall be put to death at birth. The out come of this brave action of defying the King of Egypt is now known to all.

Amram whose Hebrew name means: Exalted People, like his wife Jochebed are of the tribe of Levi.

They were Moses’ father and mother. Amram lived 137 years.

Amram and his wife served God and all though we know not a lot about them, their son Moses saved the Israelis from the Egyptians.

Background Reading:

11:23 By faith Moses was hidden by Amram and Jochebed, his parents, for three months after he was born, because they saw that he was a beautiful child and were not afraid of the king’s order. Hebrews 11:23


Amram – The Birth of Moses

2:1 A man of the family of Levi married the daughter of a descendant of Levi. 2 Later, the woman became pregnant and gave birth to a son. She saw that he was a beautiful child, and hid him for three months. 3 But when she was no longer able to hide him, she took a papyrus container, coated it with asphalt and pitch, placed the child in it, and put it among the reeds along the bank of the Nile. 4 Then his sister positioned herself some distance away in order to find out what would happen to him.

Pharaoh’s Daughter Adopts Moses

5 Then Pharaoh’s daughter came down to the Nile River to bathe while her maids walked along the river bank. She saw the container among the reeds and sent a servant girl to get it. 6 When she opened it and saw the child, the little boy suddenly began crying. Filled with compassion for him, she exclaimed, “This is one of the Hebrew children!”

7 Then his sister asked Pharaoh’s daughter, “Shall I go and call one of the nursing Hebrew women so she can nurse the child for you?”

8 Pharaoh’s daughter told her, “Go,” so the young girl went and called the child’s mother. 9 Pharaoh’s daughter instructed her, “Take this child and nurse him for me, and I’ll pay you a salary.” So the woman took the child and nursed him. 10 After the child had grown older, she brought him to Pharaoh’s daughter, and he became her son. She named him Moses, because she said, “I drew him out of the water.” Exodus 2:1-10

Family Record or Genealogies of Moses and Aaron

14 These are the heads of their ancestors’ households: the sons of Reuben, the firstborn of Israel: Hanoch and Pallu; Hezron and Carmi.

These are the families of Reuben, including 15 Simeon’s sons Jemuel, Jamin, Ohad, Jachin, Zohar, and Shaul, the Canaanite woman’s son. These are the families of Simeon.

16 These are the names of Levi’s sons according to their genealogies: Gershon, Kohath, and Merari. Levi livedi 137 years. 17 Gershon’s sons were Libni and Shimei, according to their families. 18 Kohath’s descendants included Amram, Izhar, Hebron, and Uzziel. Now Kohath lived for 133 years. 19 The sons of Merari were Mahli and Mushi. These are the families of the descendants of Levi, according to their genealogies.

20 Amram married Jochebed, his father’s sister, and she bore him Aaron and Moses. Amram lived for 137 years. Exodus 6:14-20 Also read Numbers 26:58-59

More Information:

Amram, Moses’ father, which in Hebrew means: exalted people both he and his wife were from the tribe of Levi the priestly tribe.

Other modules in this unit:

The Beginning, Hebrews 1:1-3 & Genesis 1:1-2 Seven days of Creation, Hebrews 1:1-3 & Genesis 1:1-2:3 Cain the first human murderer recorded in the Bible, Hebrews 11:4 & Genesis 4:1-18 Abel a righteous man, Hebrews 11:4 & Genesis 4:1-17 Enoch did not die, Hebrews 11:5-6 & Genesis 5:21-24 Noah built an Ark, Hebrews 11:7 and Genesis 5:28 – 7:24 Abraham the father of the Hebrew people, Hebrews 11:8-19 and Genesis chapters 12:1-20 Sarah Abraham’s wife, Hebrews 11:5-6 and Genesis 17:15 Isaac Abraham’s son, Hebrews 11:17-20 and Genesis 25:20-34 Esau Isaac’s son, Hebrews 11:20 and Genesis 25:20-34 Jacob Isaac’s favorite son, Hebrews 11:21 and Genesis 27:1-29 Manasseh Joesph’s Older Son, Hebrews 11:21 and Genesis 48:1-22 & 49:22-26 Joesph’s younger son, Hebrews 11:21 and Genesis 48:1-22 Joseph had a coat of many colors, Hebrews 11:22 and Genesis 50:22-26 Amram a Levite, the father of Moses, Hebrews 11:23 and Exodus 2:1-10 and 6:14-20 Jochebed the mother of Moses, Hebrews 11:23 and Exodus 2:1-2 and 6:20 Moses followed God by faith, Hebrews 11:24-28 and Exodus,Numbers, Deuteronomy The Red Sea divided and congealed, Hebrews 11:29 and Exodus 14:21-31 Joshua and the fall of Jericho, Hebrews 11:33 and Joshua 5:13-6:21 Caleb Moses’ man, Hebrews 11:33 and Numbers 14:26-30 The fall of Jericho, Hebrews 11:30 and Joshua 6:16-27 Rahab saved from death, Hebrews 11:31 and Joshua 2:1-24 & 6:22-25 Barak the army commander of Israel, Hebrews 11:32 and Judges 4-5 Gideon the fifth Judge of Israel, Hebrews 11:32-34 and Judges 6:11-18 Jephthah the Giledite the tenth Judge of Israel, Hebrews 11:32 or 11:34 and Judges 11:1-15 The Prophets from Genesis to Revelation, Hebrews 11:32 and Genesis To Revelation Samson the Fourteenth Judge of Israel, Hebrews 11:32-34 and Judges 13:1-25 Samuel 15th Judge of Israel and also a Prophet, Hebrews 11:32 and 1 Samuel 16:1-13 King Saul first of three Kings, Hebrews 11:32 and 1 Samuel 11:1-15 David second of three kings, Hebrews 11:32 and 1 Samuel and 2 Samuel Jonathan David’s true friend, Hebrews 11:34 and 1 Samuel 14:1-14 The widow of Zarephath, Hebrews 11:35 and 1 Kings 17:8-24 Obadiah and Elijah, Hebrews 11:38 and 1 Kings 18:1-15 The prophet Elijah did sixteen miracles, Hebrews 11:37 and 1 Kings 18:16-46 The vineyard of Naboth and King Ahab, Hebrews 11:37 and 1 Kings 21:1-29 The vineyard of Naboth and Queen Jezebel, Hebrews 11:37 and 1 Kings 21:1-29 Micaiah, the son of Imlah, Hebrews 11:36 and 1 Kings 22:1-28 Elisha the Prophet, Hebrews 11:35 and 2 Kings 2:9-25 The miracle of the Widow’s Oil, Hebrews 11:35 and 2 Kings 4:1-7 The Shunammite and her son, Hebrews 11:35 and 2 Kings 4:8-37 Zechariah the Prophet, Hebrews 11:37 and 2 Chronicles 24:20-22 King Hezekiah, Hebrews 11:34 and 2 Kings 18:1-20:21 and 2 Chronicles 29:1-32:33 King Hezekiah, The sun went backwards, Hebrews 11:34 and 2 Kings 20:1-11 Isaiah the prophet, Hebrews 11:37 and Isaiah 1:1 Jeremiah the prophet, Hebrews 11:37 and Jeremiah 1:1-19 Uriah the Son of Shemaiah, Hebrews 11:37 and Jeremiah 26:20-23 Jeremiah put down a well , Hebrews 11:36 and Jeremiah 38:1-28 The book of Daniel, Hebrews 11:33 and The Book of Daniel 1:1-21 The Fiery Furnace, Hebrews 11:34 and Daniel 3:1-30 Daniel in the Lions’ Den, Hebrews 11:33 and Daniel 6:1-28 Hasmonean Dynasty, Hebrews 11:34 John the Baptist, Hebrews 11:38 and Luke 1:5-25 Jesus the Son of God, Hebrews 12:1-4 and Luke 1:1-2:52 Background Information: For Hebrews Chapter 11 Resources: For Hebrews Chapter 11

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For other uses, see Amram (disambiguation) and Imran (disambiguation).

In the Book of Exodus, Amram

(/ˈæmræm/ ; Hebrew: םָרְמַע , Modern Amram, Tiberian ʻAmrām ; “Friend of the most high” / “The people are exalted”) is the husband of Jochebed and father of Aaron, Moses and Miriam. [1]

In addition to being married to Jochebed, Amram is also described in the Bible as having been related to Jochebed prior to the marriage, although the exact relationship is uncertain; some Greek and Latin manuscripts of the Septuagint state that Jochebed was Amram’s father’s cousin, and others state that Amram was Jochebed’s cousin, [2] but the Masoretic text states that she was his father’s sister. [3] He is praised for his faith in the Epistle to the Hebrews. [4]

Textual scholars attribute the biblical genealogy to the Book of Generations, a hypothetically reconstructed document theorized to originate from a similar religiopolitical group and date to the priestly source. [5] According to critical scholars, the Torah’s genealogy for Levi’s descendants, is actually an aetiological myth reflecting the fact that there were four different groups among the levites – the Gershonites, Kohathites, Merarites, and Aaronids; [6]

Aaron – the eponymous ancestor of the Aaronids – could not be portrayed as a brother to Gershon, Kohath, and Merari, as [further explanation needed] the narrative about the birth of Moses (brother of Aaron), which textual scholars attribute to the earlier Elohist source, mentions only that both his parents were Levites (without identifying their names). [7]

Critical scholars suspect that the Elohist account offers both matrilinial and patrilinial descent from Levites in order to magnify the religious credentials of Moses. [6]

Amram is Arabicized to Imran (/ɪmˈrɑːn/). In the Qur’an, the name Imran is used for the father of Moses and Aaron, as well as the father of Mary, mother of Jesus. This confusion is probably the result of a confusion about the name Miriam which is used to refer to the sister of Moses as well as Jesus’s mother. This brings together two distinct individuals: the first one is Amram the father of Moses and the second one is Joachim the father of Mary, the mother of Jesus. Amram, the father of Moses and Aaron, is a revered patriarch of Islam. The Qur’an says:

Although Muslim scholars have often debated over who this verse refers to, most classical commentators and modern translators have taken the opinion that this refers to Amram, the father of Moses and Aaron. Through him would come many other priests and prophets, including Anne, Elizabeth, Mary, John the Baptist and Jesus.

According to the Septuagint, Amram’s family tree would be as follows:

According to the Masoretic Text, Amram’s family tree would be:

In the Apocryphal Testament of Levi, it is stated that Amram was born, as a grandson of Levi, when Levi was 64 years old. [9] The Exodus Rabbah argues that when the Pharaoh instructed midwives to throw male children into the Nile, Amram divorced Jochebed, who was three months pregnant with Moses at the time, arguing that there was no justification for the Israelite men to father children if they were just to be killed; [10] however, the text goes on to state that Miriam, his daughter, chided him for his lack of care for his wife’s feelings, persuading him to recant and marry Jochebed again. [10] According to the Talmud, Amram promulgated the laws of marriage and divorce amongst the Jews in Egypt [citation needed] ; the Talmud also argues that Amram had extreme longevity, which he used to ensure that doctrines were preserved through several generations. [11]

Despite the legend of his divorce and remarriage, Amram was also held to have been entirely sinless throughout his life, and was rewarded for this by his corpse remaining without any signs of decay. [12] The other three ancient Israelites who died without sin, being Benjamin, Jesse and Chileab.

According to the Book of Jubilees, Amram was among the Israelites who took the bones of Jacob’s sons (excluding those of Joseph) to Canaan for burial in the cave of Machpelah. [13]

Most of the Israelites then returned to Egypt but some remained in Canaan, including Amram who only returned somewhere up to forty years later.

One of the Dead Sea Scrolls (4Q535, Manuscript B) is written from Amram’s point of view, and hence has been dubbed the Testament of Amram. The document is dated to the 2nd century BC and, in the form of a vision, briefly discusses dualism and the Watchers:

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