Monthly Archives: February 2016







REVELATION 1:20 The mystery of the seven stars which thou sawest in my right hand, and the seven golden candlesticks. The seven stars are the angels of the seven churches: and the seven candlesticks which thou sawest are the seven churches.


1 CORINTHIANS 4: 4:5 Therefore judge nothing before the time, until the Lord come, who both will bring to light the hidden things of darkness, and will make manifest the counsels of the hearts: and then shall every man have praise of God.



4:6 And these things, brethren, I have in a figure transferred to myself and to Apollos for your sakes; that ye might learn in us not to think of men above that which is written, that no one of you be puffed up for one against another.

4:8 Now ye are full, now ye are rich, ye have reigned as kings without us: and I would to God ye did reign, that we also might reign with you.4:9 For I think that God hath set forth us the apostles last, as it were appointed to death: for we are made a spectacle unto the world, and to angels, and to men.4:16 Wherefore I beseech you, be ye followers of me.4:17 For this cause have I sent unto you Timotheus, who is my beloved son, and faithful in the Lord, who shall bring you into remembrance of my ways which be in Christ, as I teach every where in every church.4:18 Now some are puffed up, as though I would not come to you.4:19 But I will come to you shortly, if the Lord will, and will know, not the speech of them which are puffed up, but the power.4:20 For the kingdom of God is not in word, but in power.4:21 What will ye? shall I come unto you with a rod, or in love, and in the spirit of meekness? 1 Corinthians






ACTS 14:11-13

Acts 14:11-13 King James Version (KJV)

And when the people saw what Paul had done, they lifted up their voices, saying in the speech of Lycaonia, The gods are come down to us in the likeness of men.

And they called Barnabas, Jupiter; and Paul, Mercurius, because he was the chief speaker.

Then the priest of Jupiter, which was before their city, brought oxen and garlands unto the gates, and would have done sacrifice with the people.











THE TALLEST TOWERS IN THE WORLD/Towers of man, Material Earth Nimrods? aka Orions?
















7 Stars; 7 angels; 7 churches; 7 candlesticks; 7 bowls; 7 trumpets; 7 WOMEN






A new tool has been developed that can reconstruct long-dead languages.

Researchers have created software that can rebuild protolanguages – the ancient tongues from which our modern languages evolved.

To test the system, the team took 637 languages currently spoken in Asia and the Pacific and recreated the early language from which they descended.

The work is published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science.

Currently language reconstructions are carried out by linguists – but the process is slow and labour-intensive.

Dan Klein, an associate professor at the University of California, Berkeley, said: “It’s very time consuming for humans to look at all the data. There are thousands of languages in the world, with thousands of words each, not to mention all of those languages’ ancestors.

“It would take hundreds of lifetimes to pore over all those languages, cross-referencing all the different changes that happened across such an expanse of space – and of time. But this is where computers shine.”

Rosetta stone

Languages change gradually over time.

Over thousands of years, tiny variations in the way that we produce sounds have meant that early languages have morphed into many different descendents.

Dr Klein explains: “These sound changes are almost always regular, with similar words changing in similar ways, so patterns are left that a human or a computer can find.

“The trick is to identify these patterns of change and then to ‘reverse’ them, basically evolving words backwards in time.”

The scientists demonstrated their system by looking at a group of Austronesian languages that are currently spoken in southeast Asia, parts of continental Asia and the Pacific.

From a database of 142,000 words, the system was able to recreate the early language from which these modern tongues derived. The scientists believe it would have been spoken about 7,000 years ago.

They then compared the computer’s findings to those of linguists, finding that 85% of the early words that the software presented were within one “character” – or sound – of the words that the language experts had identified.












Meaning of Number 22 – Master Number 22

 Home > Numerology > Meaning of Number 22 – Master Number 22

The meaning of number 22 – Number 22 is the master number or the builder number on the material plane. The 22 expands from the number 11. However theres is four times the power and energy in its vibration, so there is much strength to use on the material plane. Number 11 is the root and 22 continues its path, this is the source energy put into the material plane, the vibration of this number has great deal of responsibility. Because of the great power of this number you may have success or there could be disastrous downfall.

Meaning of Number 22

This number is all about balance and precision, this is the principle of the master number 22 . In its full capacity is the master builder, at this stage it can achieve what can be hardly imaginable. 22’s have the power to turn most ambitions and dreams into reality, this is probably the most successful of all the numbers.

The master number 22 bears many of the motivational ideas of the number 11, it also combines the vibration of the number 4. Which makes it unlimited and yet very disciplined. It brings down energy into material form. It has great plans, big ideas, idealism and leadership and great self confidence.

Spiritual Meaning of 22

Number 22 is one of the power numbers. The color associated with it are cream and coral, the symbol is the cross. The keyword of this number is Light, harmony and co-operation, when the vibration is found, there is the co-operation to work with Sources plan on Earth.

22’s will always offer to manifest things in a masterful way, this number has everything multiplied by four, energy, power and responsibility. 22’s are dependable, responsible, honest, these are the attributes of the number 22. There is always a need for building a firm foundation for whatever they require.

22’s do their best when they learn to control the thoughts which rule their subconscious mind. They are the ultimate in manifesting dreams into reality, 22’s make their choices in life carefully. When they have a positive mindset positive things come to them. Their negative thoughts act as roadblocks to their success.

The fear that 22’s face is that they will let everyone down. The number 22 is also the spiritual master and teacher, they have chosen to come back to earth to help humanity. They do this by building a better foundation for humanity in the new age. 22’s will help to build the foundation for a new consciousness on the planet.

22 Master Number

The master number has great energy and it is undeniable and ups the ante. You have come here with a high spiritual purpose, it won’t matter how you determine it. This master number brings high vibration.

Day to day terms you are going to feel high strung when you have this master number as your life path. You are always trying to push and pull yourself to do better, sometimes to the point you may get distracted. You will begin to notice that you have a high expectation of yourself, even others can’t see it as the feelings are all inside of you.

So what does all this mean for you on a working level ? It really means your are here to master your life. You have great strengths and many challenges and its not going to be easy.

Check this article on 2222 meaning .

What Does The Number 8 Mean in Numerology ?

Master Number 11 – Spiritual Meaning of 11 and 11 Numerology

1313 Meaning – The meaning and significance of number 1313

3333 Meaning – The Significance of the Numbers 3333

8888 Meaning – The Significance of the Numbers 8888

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Phoenician alphabet

The Phoenician alphabet, called by convention the Proto-Canaanite alphabet for inscriptions older than around 1050 BC, is the oldest verified alphabet. The Phoenician alphabet contains 22 letters, all of which are consonants, and is described as an abjad, [3] with matres lectionis being used for some vowels in certain late varieties. It was used for the writing of Phoenician, a Northern Semitic language, used by the civilization of Phoenicia.


MASTER #22 & ASCENDED MASTER LANGUAGE (codes, parables & symbols)

The Phoenician alphabet is derived from Egyptian hieroglyphs [4] and became one of the most widely used writing systems, spread by Phoenician merchants across the Mediterranean world, where it evolved and was assimilated by many other cultures. The Paleo-Hebrew alphabet was directly derived from Phoenician. Another derivative script is the Aramaic alphabet, which was the ancestor of the modern Arabic script. The Modern Hebrew script is a stylistic variant of the Aramaic script. The Greek alphabet (and by extension its descendants such as the Latin, the Cyrillic, and the Coptic) was also derived from Phoenician.

As the letters were originally incised with a stylus, most of the shapes are angular and straight, although more cursive versions are increasingly attested in later times, culminating in the Neo-Punic alphabet of Roman-era North Africa. Phoenician was usually written from right to left, although there are some texts written in boustrophedon.

In 2005, the UNESCO registered the Phoenician alphabet into the Memory of the World Programme as a heritage of Lebanon. [5]


Further information: Abjad


Further information: Proto-Sinaitic script and Proto-Canaanite script

The earliest known alphabetic (or “proto-alphabetic”) inscriptions known is the so-called Proto-Sinaitic (or Proto-Canaanite) script sporadically attested in the Sinai and in Canaan in the late Middle and Late Bronze Age. The script was not widely used until the rise of new Semitic kingdoms in the 13th and 12th centuries BC.

The Phoenician alphabet is a direct continuation of the “Proto-Canaanite” script of the Bronze Age collapse period. The so-called Ahiram epitaph, engraved on the sarcophagus of king Ahiram from about 1200 BC, one of five known Byblian royal inscriptions, shows essentially the fully developed Phoenician script, [6] although the name “Phoenician” is by convention given to inscriptions beginning in the mid 11th century BC. [7]

Spread of the alphabet and its social effects

Further information: History of the alphabet

The Phoenician adaptation of the alphabet was extremely successful, and variants were adapted around the Mediterranean from about the 9th century BC, notably giving rise to the Greek, Old Italic, Anatolian and Paleohispanic scripts. The alphabet’s success was due in part to its phonetic nature; Phoenician was the first widely used script in which one sound was represented by one symbol, which meant that there were only a few dozen symbols to learn. This simple system contrasted with the other scripts in use at the time, such as Cuneiform and Egyptian hieroglyphs, which employed many complex characters and were difficult to learn. [8]

Another reason of its success was the maritime trading culture of Phoenician merchants, which spread the use of the alphabet into parts of North Africa and Europe. [9] Phoenician inscriptions have been found in archaeological sites at a number of former Phoenician cities and colonies around the Mediterranean, such as Byblos (in present-day Lebanon) and Carthage in North Africa. Later finds indicate earlier use in Egypt. [10]

Phoenician had long-term effects on the social structures of the civilizations which came in contact with it. As mentioned above, the script was the first widespread phonetic script. Its simplicity not only allowed it to be used in multiple languages, but it also allowed the common people to learn how to write. This upset the long-standing status of writing systems only being learned and employed by members of the royal and religious hierarchies of society, who used writing as an instrument of power to control access to information by the larger population. [11] The appearance of Phoenician disintegrated many of these class divisions, although many Middle Eastern kingdoms such as Assyria, Babylonia and Adiabene would continue to use cuneiform for legal and liturgical matters well into the Common Era.

Modern rediscovery

The Phoenician alphabet was first uncovered in the 17th century, but up to the 19th century its origin was unknown. It was at first believed that the script was a direct variation of Egyptian hieroglyphs. [12] This idea was especially popular due to the recent decipherment of hieroglyphs. However, scholars could not find any link between the two writing systems. Certain scholars [who?] hypothesized ties with Hieratic, Cuneiform, or even an independent creation, perhaps inspired by some other writing system. The theories of independent creation ranged from the idea of a single man conceiving it, to the Hyksos people forming it from corrupt Egyptian. [13]

Letter names

Phoenician uses a system of acrophony to name letters. The names of the letters are essentially the same as in its parental scripts, which are in turn derived from the word values of the original hieroglyph for each letter. [14]

The original word was translated from Egyptian into its equivalent form in the Semitic language, and then the initial sound of the translated word became the letter’s value. [15]

However, according to a theory by Theodor Nöldeke from 1904, some of the letter names were changed in Phoenician from the Proto-Canaanite script. [dubious ] This includes:

gaml “throwing stick” to gimel “camel”

digg “fish” to dalet “door”

hll “jubilation” to he “window”

ziqq “manacle” to zayin “weapon”

na š “snake” to nun “fish”

pi t “corner” to pe “mouth”

šimš “sun” to šin “tooth”

Other researchers such as Prof. Yigael Yadin went to great lengths to prove that they actually were tools of war, similar to the original drawings. [16] Prof. Aron Demsky from Bar Ilan University showed that there were sequences of letters with close meanings, proving the correct reading of the drawings. [17] In later research it was postulated that the alphabet is actually two complete lists, the first dealing with land agriculture and activity, and the second dealing with water, sea and fishing. [18][19]

The Phoenician letterforms shown here are idealized—actual Phoenician writing was cruder and more variable in appearance. There were also significant variations in Phoenician letterforms by era and region.

When alphabetic writing began in Greece, the letterforms used were similar but not identical to the Phoenician ones and vowels were added, because the Phoenician Alphabet did not contain any vowels. There were also distinct variations of the writing system in different parts of Greece, primarily in how the Phoenician characters which did not have an exact match to Greek sounds were employed. The Athenian alphabet evolved into the standard Greek alphabet, and another into the Latin alphabet, which accounts for many of the differences between the two. Occasionally, Phoenician used a short stroke or dot symbol as a word separator. [20]

The chart shows the graphical evolution of Phoenician letterforms into other alphabets. The sound values often changed significantly, both during the initial creation of new alphabets, and due to pronunciation changes of languages using the alphabets over time.


The Phoenician numeral system consisted of separate symbols for 1, 10, 20, and 100. The sign for 1 was a simple vertical stroke ( ). Other numbers up to 9 were formed by adding the appropriate number of such strokes, arranged in groups of three. The symbol for 10 was a horizontal line or tack ( ). The sign for 20 ( ) could come in different glyph variants, one of them being a combination of two 10-tacks, approximately Z-shaped. Larger multiples of ten were formed by grouping the appropriate number of 20s and 10s. There existed several glyph variants for 100 ( ). The 100 symbol could be combined with a preceding numeral in a multiplicatory way, e.g. the combination of “4” and “100” yielded 400. [22] Their system did not contain a numeral zero. [23]


The Phoenician alphabet was added to the Unicode Standard in July 2006 with the release of version 5.0. An alternative proposal to handle it as a font variation of Hebrew was turned down. (See PDF summary.)

The Unicode block for Phoenician is U+10900–U+1091F. It is intended for the representation of text in Palaeo-Hebrew, Archaic Phoenician, Phoenician, Early Aramaic, Late Phoenician cursive, Phoenician papyri, Siloam Hebrew, Hebrew seals, Ammonite, Moabite, and Punic.

The letters are encoded U+10900 aleph through to U+10915 taw, U+10916 , U+10917 , U+10918 and U+10919 encode the numerals 1, 10, 20 and 100 respectively and U+1091F is the word separator.

Phoenician [1][2]

Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF)

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F



Notes 1.^ As of Unicode version 8.0 2.^ Grey areas indicate non-assigned code points

Derived alphabets

Each letter of Phoenician gave way to a new form in its daughter scripts. Left to right: Latin, Greek, Phoenician, Hebrew, Arabic

Middle Eastern descendants

See also: Languages currently written with the Arabic alphabet

The Paleo-Hebrew alphabet, used to write early Hebrew, was a regional offshoot of Phoenician; it is nearly identical to the Phoenician one (in many early writings it is impossible to distinguish between the two). [citation needed] The Samaritan alphabet, used by the Samaritans, is a direct descendant of the Paleo-Hebrew alphabet.

The Aramaic alphabet, used to write Aramaic, is another descendant of Phoenician. Aramaic being the lingua franca of the Middle East, it was widely adopted. It later split off (due to power/political borders) into a number of related alphabets, including the Hebrew alphabet, the Syriac alphabet, and the Nabataean alphabet, which in its cursive form became an ancestor of Arabic, currently used in Arabic-speaking countries from North Africa through the Levant to Iraq and the Gulf region, as well as in Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan and other countries for other languages.

The Sogdian alphabet, a descendant of Phoenician via Syriac, is an ancestor of the Old Uyghur, which in turn is an ancestor of the Mongolian and Manchu alphabets, the former of which is still in use and the latter of which survives as the Xibe script.

The Arabic script is a descendant of Phoenician via Aramaic.

The Coptic alphabet, still used in Egypt for writing the Christian liturgical language Coptic (descended from Ancient Egyptian) is mostly based on the Greek alphabet, but with a few additional letters for sounds not in Greek at the time. Those additional letters are based on Demotic script.

Derived European scripts

According to Herodotus, [24] Phoenician prince Cadmus was accredited with the introduction of the Phoenician alphabet —phoinikeia grammata, “Phoenician letters”—to the Greeks, who adapted it to form their Greek alphabet, which was later introduced to the rest of Europe. Herodotus, who gives this account, estimates that Cadmus lived sixteen hundred years before his time, or around 2000 BC. [25] However, Herodotus’ writings are not used as a standard source by contemporary historians. The Greek alphabet is derived from the Phoenician alphabet. [26] The phonology of Greek being different from that of Phoenician, the Greeks modified the Phoenician script to better suit their language. It was possibly more important in Greek to write out vowel sounds: Phoenician being a Semitic language, words were based on consonantal roots that permitted extensive removal of vowels without loss of meaning, a feature absent in the Indo-European Greek. (Or perhaps, the Phoenicians were simply following the lead of the Egyptians, who never wrote vowels. After all, Akkadian cuneiform, which wrote a related Semitic language, always indicated vowels.) In any case, the Greeks adapted the signs of the Phoenician consonants not present in Greek; each such name was shorn of its leading sound, and the sign took the value of the now leading vowel. For example, āleph, which designated a glottal stop in Phoenician, was re-purposed to represent the vowel /a/; he became /e/, et became /eː/ (a long vowel), `ayin became /o/ (because the pharyngeality altered the following vowel), while the two semi-consonants wau and yod became the corresponding high vowels, /u/ and /i/. (Some dialects of Greek, which did possess /h/ and /w/, continued to use the Phoenician letters for those consonants as well.)

The Cyrillic script was derived from the Greek alphabet. Some Cyrillic letters (generally for sounds not in Mediaeval Greek) are based on Glagolitic forms, which in turn were influenced by the Hebrew or even Coptic alphabets. [citation needed]

The Latin alphabet was derived from Old Italic (originally a form of the Greek alphabet), used for Etruscan and other languages. The origin of the Runic alphabet is disputed, and the main theories are that it evolved either from the Latin alphabet itself, some early Old Italic alphabet via the Alpine scripts or the Greek alphabet. Despite this debate, the Runic alphabet is clearly derived from one or more scripts which ultimately trace their roots back to the Phoenician alphabet. [26][27]

Brahmic scripts

See also: Aramaic hypothesis

Many Western scholars believe that the Brahmi script of India and the subsequent Indic alphabets are derived from the Aramaic script as well, which would make Phoenician the ancestor of virtually every alphabetic writing system in use today. [28]

Surviving examples



Çineköy inscription

Cippi of Melqart



Kilamuwa Stela

Nora Stone

Pyrgi Tablets

Temple of Eshmun See also

Arabic alphabet

Aramaic alphabet

Armenian alphabet

Avestan alphabet

Hebrew alphabet

Greek alphabet

Old Turkic script

Paleo-Hebrew alphabet

Tanakh at Qumran


Ugaritic alphabet Notes

1. ^ Earliest attestation in the Bronze Age collapse period, classical form from about 1050 BC; gradually died out during the Hellenistic period as its evolved forms replaced it; obsolete with the destruction of Carthage in 149 BC.

2. ^ Himelfarb, Elizabeth J. “First Alphabet Found in Egypt”, Archaeology 53, Issue 1 (Jan./Feb. 2000): 21.

3. ^ Fischer, Steven Roger (2004). A history of writing. Reaktion Books. p. 90.

4. ^ Michael C. Howard (2012). Transnationalism in Ancient and Medieval Societies. P. 23.

5. ^ Memory of the World, official site

6. ^ Coulmas (1989) p. 141.

7. ^ Markoe (2000) p. 111

8. ^ Hock and Joseph (1996) p. 85.

9. ^ Daniels (1996) p. 94-95.

10. ^ Semitic script dated to 1800 BC

11. ^ Fischer (2003) p. 68-69.

12. ^ Jensen (1969) p. 256.

13. ^ Jensen (1969) p. 256-258.

14. ^ Jensen (1969) p. 262.

15. ^ Jensen (1969) p. 262-263.

16. ^ Yigael Yadin, The Art of Warfare in Biblical Lands. McGraw-Hill, 1963. The Samech – a quick war ladder, later to become the ‘$’ dollar sign drawing the three internal lines quickly. The ‘Z’ shaped Zayin – an ancient boomerang used for hunting. The ‘H’ shaped Het -mammoth tuffs.

17. ^ Yod=arm or handle, Kaf=Hand, paw or shovel, Mem=water, Nun=fish

18. ^ The first half beginning with Alef -an ox, and ending with Lamed – a whip. The second list begins with Mem -water, and continues with Nun – fish, Samek – fish bones, Ayin – a water spring, Peh – the mouth of a well, Tsadi – to fish, Kof, Resh and Shin are the hook hole, hook head and hook teeth, known to exist from prehistoric times, and the Tav is the mark used to count the fish caught.

19. ^

20. ^

21. ^ after Fischer, Steven R. (2001). A History of Writing. London: Reaction Books. p. 126.

22. ^ Phoenician numerals in Unicode , Systèmes numéraux

23. ^

24. ^ Herodotus, Histories, Book V, 58 .

25. ^ Herodotus. Histories, Book II, 2.145

26. ^ a b Humphrey, John William (2006). Ancient technology . Greenwood guides to historic events of the ancient world (illustrated ed.). Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 219.

ISBN 9780313327636. Retrieved 2009-10-18.

27. ^ Spurkland, Terje (2005): Norwegian Runes and Runic Inscriptions, translated by Betsy van der Hoek, Boydell Press, Woodbridge, pp. 3-4

28. ^ Richard Salomon, “Brahmi and Kharoshthi”, in The World’s Writing Systems


Jean-Pierre Thiollet, Je m’appelle Byblos, H & D, Paris, 2005. ISBN 2-914266-04-9

Maria Eugenia Aubet, The Phoenicians and the West Second Edition, Cambridge University Press, London, 2001.

Daniels, Peter T., et al. eds. The World’s Writing Systems Oxford. (1996).

Jensen, Hans, Sign, Symbol, and Script, G.P. Putman’s Sons, New York, 1969.

Coulmas, Florian, Writing Systems of the World, Blackwell Publishers Ltd, Oxford, 1989.

Hock, Hans H. and Joseph, Brian D., Language History, Language Change, and Language Relationship, Mouton de Gruyter, New York, 1996.

Fischer, Steven R., A History of Writing, Reaktion Books, 2003.

Markoe, Glenn E., Phoenicians. University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-22613-5 (2000) (hardback)

Ancient Hebrew and Aramaic on Coins, reading and transliterating Proto-Hebrew, online edition . (Judaea Coin Archive) External links

Ancient (Phoenician) (Phoenician alphabet)

official Unicode standards document for Phoenician (PDF file)

[1] Free-Libre GPL2 Licensed Unicode Phoenician Font

GNU FreeFont Unicode font family with Phoenician range in its serif face.

[2] Phönizisch TTF-Font.

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The Stone Statues in Easter Island have bodies!

This is absolutely incredible. Here we’ve been thinking for all these years that they were just heads. They are going to be absolutely huge when they are completely excavated. It all just adds to the mystery of these amazing sculptures. Maybe now they can get more information about them seeing as they have writings on them.

Origins: The 887 monolithic human figures carved from rock on Easter Island (known as moai) are familiar to many people through iconic images that show the statues to be either just heads or a combination of heads and shoulders only:

However, such pictures represent only a subset of the different forms in which the human figures on Easter Island appear. A combination of the popularity of the “giant head” images, the fact that the heads on the statues are disproportionately large in comparison to their bodies, and the circumstance that the bottoms of some of the statues are set deep into the ground where they are obscured from view has produced a widespread misconception that all of the Easter Island statues are nothing more than giant heads. Many viewers are surprised, therefore, to learn the moai actually do have bodies:

Additionally, the revelation that the statues have bodies is not a recent discovery, as suggested by the above example: many of the moai (as shown above) are situated fully above ground and displayed in their entirety, and some of the statues even sport arms and what appear to red hats (actually depictions of hair):

In recent years the Easter Island Statue Project (EISP) has undertaken efforts to excavate and study some of the moai, thereby revealing previously hidden portions of the statues.



Wild speculation about UFO’s, Atlantis, and vanished advanced ancient races has always been a part of the Easter Island debate. Science has made great strides in understanding who made the giant statues of Easter Island and has put to rest these bizarre stories. This short pictorial essay will hopefully clear up continuing misconceptions about Easter Island and perhaps will get you thinking about how the story of Easter Island relates to what we as humans are currently doing to our planet. This is a story everyone should read.

Ea st er I sla nd S tor y 1. Arr iva l

Easter Island–Rapa Nui is a tiny speck of land in the South Pacific. Formed by a series of massive volcanic eruptions, the island was only inhabited by sea birds and dragonflies for millions of years. Its steep slopes, however, stood out like a beacon to a weary group of Polynesian seafarers. How long their voyage took or their reasons for leaving their home country are questions that we’ll never have the answer to, but we can imagine their joy at seeing this sight after what must have been months at sea

Lava tubes and pounding waves have created hundreds of sea caves and a treacherous coastline. There are only a few small areas that are safe for anchorages. Located in the South Pacific between Chile and Tahiti, Easter Island is one of the most isolated inhabited islands in the world. Roughly triangular and covering only 64 square miles, it formed when a plume of hot material rose from deep within Earth’s interior, burned through the crust and erupted onto the surface as lava.

Today, volcanic cones are found at each point of the island. The largest, Rano Kau is easily visible from space. The highest is Terevaka, which rises to 11674 feet above sea level. There are over 70 eruptive centers on the island but none has known activity since the island was colonized 1300 years ago.

Ovahe Beach, North Shore This sheltered sand beach is close to Anakena, where the legends say King Hoto Matua landed his double hulled canoe, thus beginning the occupation of Easter Island.

Anakena, a beautiful white sand beach stands out from the rest of the coastline, which is either sharp black lava rock or vertical cliff faces hundreds of feet tall. It is at Anakena that the legends say Hotu Matua landed and began the colonization of the island. Excavations of this area have discovered that it was an important site and it boasts one of the best collections of erected moai on the island, Ahu Naunau.

The voyagers started constructing villages and houses made in an unusual elliptical shape. It has been speculated that this style of construction started when the new arrivals turned their boats upside down for quick housing. There were literally hundreds of remains of these foundations on the island in the 1800’s, but most were destroyed by the missionaries to make fences.

Indeed, the missionaries did more damage to the island’s history than even the Peruvian slave traders, which carted off most of the island’s population. Those who escaped by hiding in the island’s many caves were “saved” by these missionaries, who proceeded to destroy all the islanders’ wooden sculptures, religious artifacts and most importantly, the Rongo-Rongo tablets, which contained a record of the lost language of the Rapa Nui. So few of these tablets remain that no one has been able to decipher them.

The first islanders found a lush island, filled with giant palms which they used to build boats and housing. The plants they brought with them did well in the rich volcanic soil and by AD 1550 population on the island hit a high of between 7000 and 9000.

Distinct clans formed as the population increased and various population centers grew up in different areas of the island. One thing tied them all together however — the statue construction and the cult that formed around it.

2. Statue Construction

1. Arrival – 2. Statue Construction – 3. Erecting the Moai – 4.Conflict – 5. A New Cult – 6. Lesson from the Past







1. Christ the Redeemer, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil – The most famous statue of Jesus is also considered the largest Art Deco statue in the world. It is the 5th largest statue of Jesus in the world with a height of 30 metres (98 ft) – not including its 8 metres (26 ft) pedestal. The statue’s arms stretch 28 metres (92 ft) wide. It is located at the peak of the 700-metre (2,300 ft) Corcovado mountain. The statue has become an icon for Rio de Janeiro and Brazil’s most famous monument. It was constructed between 1926 and 1931





See notebook notes: THE ANT PEOPLE OF THE HOPI




AMOS 5:8

Exodus 40:36-37 Throughout all their journeys whenever the cloud was taken up from over the tabernacle, the sons of Israel would set out; but if the cloud was not taken up, then they did not set out until the day when it was taken up.

Exodus 13:21 The LORD was going before them in a pillar of cloud by day to lead them on the way, and in a pillar of fire by night to give them light, that they might travel by day and by night.

Verse Concepts

Exodus 14:19-20 The angel of God, who had been going before the camp of Israel, moved and went behind them; and the pillar of cloud moved from before them and stood behind them. So it came between the camp of Egypt and the camp of Israel; and there was the cloud along with the darkness, yet it gave light at night. Thus the one did not come near the other all night.

Exodus 40:34 Then the cloud covered the tent of meeting, and the glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle.

Verse Concepts

Exodus 19:16 So it came about on the third day, when it was morning, that there were thunder and lightning flashes and a thick cloud upon the mountain and a very loud trumpet sound, so that all the people who were in the camp trembled.

Verse Concepts

Numbers 16:42 It came about, however, when the congregation had assembled against Moses and Aaron, that they turned toward the tent of meeting, and behold, the cloud covered it and the glory of the LORD appeared.





J a n u a r y 2 6 , 2 0 1 5 The vision of Ezekiel and the Tetramorphs of the Four Gospels

image: Wikimedia commons (link).

Many present-day readers of the New Testament, particularly those from Protestant traditions, may be unaware of the very ancient association of the four New Testament gospel books with four specific figures: that of a winged Man, that of a winged Lion, that of a winged Bull or Ox, and that of an Eagle (winged, of course).

Robert Taylor (1784 – 1844), an ordained minister in England in the early 1800s, was sentenced to three years behind bars and was defrocked for the offense of giving “astronomico-theological lectures” in which he explained the celestial foundations of the imagery and events described in the scriptures of the Bible –what today is often referred to as “astrotheology.”

Taylor argues that the eventual removal of these images from the pages of printed Bibles was done in order to prevent readers from figuring out something very important, saying at one point:

Not till the days of the interference of our Protestant and Dissentarian preachers in the publication and circulation of Bibles and Testaments, was an authorized edition of the four gospels ever put forth, without presenting an equally authorized representation of the four evangelists with the four royal beasts by which they are respectively distinguished, — the lion, for Matthew; the angel, for Mark; the bull, for Luke; and the eagle, for John. But the Protestant priests, the most deceitful of all deceivers of the people, beginning to fear that the people might acquire wit enough to ask for the meaning of those four royal beasts, have swindled away the old title-page, and substituted one with only two royal beasts in it: “The lion and the unicorn, a-fighting for the crown.” Devil’s Pulpit (1857), 326.

In other words, Taylor (who at times displays a rather slashing sarcastic wit) is saying that out of fear that the people would begin to ask questions, the old title pages in English Bibles which had in the past contained the images of the Four Evangelists with their four respective creatures were now replaced with a new title page that removed those four creatures and instead had an image of the royal arms which depict the heraldic lion of England and the heraldic unicorn of Scotland.

What could Taylor mean, and why would he indicate that religious leaders of the literalistic Christian traditions (with whom he was obviously none too happy, since they had had him locked up for teaching a connection between the scriptures and the stars) might have wanted to begin to phase the images out of the Bibles in order to avoid having the people start inquiring as to the meaning of them?

In order to answer that question, we will have to proceed systematically, along a fascinating trail . . .

For centuries, these four creatures were depicted in conjunction with the four gospel texts of the Gospel According to Matthew, the Gospel According to Mark, the Gospel According to Luke, and the Gospel According to John.

Below, for instance, is the decorative illustration that marks the beginning of the New Testament in the 1599 Geneva Bible — one of the very first translations of the scriptures into the English language (see discussion here regarding the 1536 execution of William Tyndale and the unnatural laws making it illegal to possess the scriptures in translation for many centuries). Obviously, this Protestant text was published before Taylor says that the Protestant religious leaders began to decide it would be best to replace such title pages with title pages that did not show the four special creatures:

It contains a wealth of imagery, including symbolic images of the twelve tribes of Israel arranged along the left border as we look at it on the page, accompanied by illustrations representing the twelve disciples of the New Testament arranged along the right border as we look at it on the page, and then within the rectangle of the inner portion we see a symbolic representation of each of the Four Evangelists (Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John, in that order if we begin in the upper left corner as we look at it on the page and proceed left to right along the top and then left to right along the bottom), with an image of the Lamb bearing a Cross in the center position along the lower row, in between the images of Luke and John.

Because the image is not terrifically high-resolution in the “big picture” above, below is a zoom-in on the images of each of the Four Evangelists from this page, each of whom can be seen to be accompanied by one of the four special figures mentioned above: the winged Man with Matthew, the Lion with Mark, the Ox with Luke, and the Eagle with John.

above: Matthew is depicted writing the text of the Gospel According to Matthew, while the winged Man looks on. From the Geneva Bible of 1599.

above: Mark is depicted writing the text of the Gospel According to Mark, while a Lion crouches in front of his desk or writing surface. From the Geneva Bible of 1599.

above: Luke is depicted writing the text of the Gospel According to Luke, while an Ox appears to be curled up, perhaps in a sleeping posture, by his side (if you are having trouble making out the Ox, his “face” is towards the viewer, and you can see his two horns going up on either side of his “face” and his two ears sticking out pretty much horizontally, just below his two horns). From the Geneva Bible of 1599.

above: John is depicted writing the text of the Gospel According to John, while an Eagle is positioned at his left elbow (on the right side of John as we look at the image). From the Geneva Bible of 1599.

The association of the Four Evangelists with these four specific creatures in sacred art is, in fact, extremely widespread, particularly in art from past centuries, and can be seen depicted in sculptures inside of (or even on top of) churches and cathedrals, in stained glass windows, and in other forms of art. Below is an example of another common use of this theme, around the four quadrants created in what is sometimes called a “groined ceiling” (a specific type of vaulted ceiling):

image: Wikimedia commons (link).

In the image above, which was selected because it has a label for each of the four creatures (many times this imagery is unlabeled), we can clearly see the winged Man in the right-hand quadrant as we look at the image, holding a scroll which refers to Matthew (it says “St. Mathaus”), and then if we proceed counter-clockwise we see the Lion of Mark (the scroll reads “St. Marcus”), the Eagle of John (the scroll reads “St Johannes”), and the Ox of Luke (the scroll, somewhat damaged, reads “St. Lucas”).

While the associations illustrated above have become solidified in Christian tradition, there is actually room for debate as to which Evangelist corresponds to which specific creature. The correspondences as usually depicted (and as shown in the illustrations above) can be traced back to Jerome (AD 327 -AD 420), in his fourteen-book commentary on the scroll of the Prophet Ezekiel (as we will see, these four specific creatures come from a very important passage in the first chapter of Ezekiel, in which we read the account of the vision of Ezekiel). However, Jerome’s younger contemporary Augustine (AD 354 – AD 430) assigned the correspondences slightly differently: he reversed the assignments for Matthew and Mark, giving the Lion to Matthew and the Man to Mark.

However, writing about two hundred years before either Jerome or Augustine, the early literalist Christian bishop Irenaeus (c. AD 130 – AD 202), was probably the first known writer to connect these four creatures from the vision of Ezekiel to the Four Evangelists. In his Adversus Haereses (“Against Heresies”), he explicitly lays out this connection, and then argues for the assignment of each of the four creatures. Once again, there are two places in which his assignments are the same as those of Jerome, and two places in which his assignments are reversed, but unlike Augustine the difference is with Mark and John. Irenaeus assigns Mark the Eagle and John the Lion.

If you’re getting confused, there is a “matrix” at the bottom of this post to show the different correspondences; the important point to take from this is that there is widespread agreement from the early “church fathers” of literalist Christianity that the Four Evangelists each correspond to one of the four creatures, but there is clear disagreement as to which corresponds to whom.

The text in which Irenaeus argues for the connection of these creatures from Ezekiel’s vision to the four New Testament gospels is found in Book 3 of his Against Heresies, in Chapter 11 and Paragraph 8. You can read a translation for yourself online in various places –here is a link to one example. You will find the passage 3.11.8 beginning on page 852 of that online version. Here is what Irenaeus says (added “clarifications” are in brackets, and come from that translation linked above, not necessarily from Irenaeus):

It is not possible that the Gospels can be either more or fewer in number than they are. For, since there are four zones of the world in which we live, and four principal winds, while the Church is scattered throughout all the world, and the “pillar and ground” of the Church is the Gospel and the spirit of life; it is fitting that she should have four pillars, breathing out immortality on every side, and vivifying men afresh. From which fact, it is evident that the Word, the Artificer of all, He that sitteth upon the cherubim, and contains all things, He who was manifested to men, has given us the Gospel under four aspects, but bound together by one Spirit. As also David says, when entreating His manifestation, “Thou that sittest between the cherubim, shine forth.” For the cherubim, too, were four-faced, and their faces were images of the dispensation of the Son of God. For, [as the Scripture] says, “The first living creature was like a lion,” symbolizing His effectual working, His leadership, and royal power; the second [living creature] was like a calf, signifying [His] sacrificial and sacerdotal order; but the “third had, as it were, the face as of a man,” –an evident description of His advent as a human being; “the fourth was like a flying eagle,” pointing out the gift of the Spirit hovering with His wings over the Church. And therefore the Gospels are in accord with these things, among which Christ Jesus is seated.

From this point, Irenaeus goes on to give his reasons for assigning the Lion to John, the Ox to Luke, the Man to Matthew, and the Eagle to Mark.

Although he assumes that the reader knows where he is getting these quotations describing “the cherubim,” he does not explicitly state in the passage quoted that they come from the first chapter of Ezekiel, but that is where they do in fact come from. There, in the first chapter, we read:

1 Now it came to pass in the thirtieth year, in the fourth month, in the fifth day of the month, as I was among the captives by the river of Chebar, that the heavens were opened, and I saw visions of God.

2 In the fifth day of the month, which was the fifth year of king Jehoiachin’s captivity,

3 The word of the LORD came expressly unto Ezekiel the priest, the son of Buzi, in the land of the Chaldeans by the river Chebar; and the hand of the LORD was there upon him.

4 And I looked, and, behold, a whirlwind came out of the north, a great cloud, and a fire infolding itself, and a brightness was about it, and out of the midst thereof as the colour of amber, out of the midst of the fire.

5 Also out of the midst thereof came the likeness of four living creatures. And this was their appearance; they had the likeness of a man.

6 And every one had four faces, and every one had four wings.

7 And their feet were straight feet; and the sole of their feet was like the sole of a calf’s foot: and they sparkled like the colour of burnished brass.

8 And they had the hands of a man under their wings on their four sides; and they four had their faces and their wings.

9 Their wings were joined one to another; they turned not when they went; they went every one straight forward.

10 As for the likeness of their faces, they four had the face of a man, and the face of a lion, on the right side: and they four had the face of an ox on the left side; they four also had the face of an eagle.

11 Thus were their faces: and their wings were stretched upward; two wings of every one were joined one to another, and two covered their bodies.

12 And they went every one straight forward: whither the spirit was to go, they went; and they turned not when they went.

13 As for the likeness of the living creatures, their appearance was like burning coals of fire, and like the appearance of lamps: it went up and down among the living creatures; and the fire was bright, and out of the fire went forth lightning.

14 And the living creatures ran and returned as the appearance of a flash of lightning.

15 Now as I beheld the living creatures, behold one wheel upon the earth by the living creatures, with his four faces.

16 The appearance of the wheels and their work was like unto the colour of a beryl: and they four had one likeness: and their appearance and their work was as it were a wheel in the middle of a wheel.

17 When they went, they went upon their four sides: and they turned not when they went.

18 And as for their rings, they were so high that they were dreadful; and their rings were full of eyes round about them four [note: a margin note from the actual King James Version translation of this text states that the second mention of the word “rings” in this verse might be alternately translated as “strakes,” which in modern usage is often applied to parts of an aircraft, but at the time of this translation referred to the curved segments that were joined together to form a wooden “strake wheel,” as shown in the illustrations on this page about old wheels].

19 And when the living creatures went, the wheels went by them: and when the living creatures were lifted up from the earth, the wheels were lifted up.

The vision of Ezekiel continues on, and is extremely important, but at this point we have all the clues needed to begin to decipher what could be going on, and why Irenaeus in the passage cited above from his text Against Heresies declared that it is simply “not possible that the Gospels can be either more or fewer in number than they are,” and why he connected each of the four to one of the likenesses of the living creatures described here in the vision of Ezekiel.

This may, in fact, be one of the most important passages in all of scripture. Why? What could it mean?

It has been famously seized upon in modern times as a possible vision of extraterrestrial craft by Ezekiel, who (it is argued) was trying to do his best to describe the advanced flying ships that he witnessed, as “wheels within wheels” with an “appearance of a flash of lightning” or “like burning coals” or “lamps,” described as “going up and down,” and being “so high that they were dreadful.” Of course, the vision of these fantastic four “living creatures,” with their wings and their hands and their four faces, has been interpreted by those in this camp as being Ezekiel’s best effort to describe the alien beings who might have been piloting these amazing ships.

Is this why, in Robert Taylor’s opinion, the leaders of the literalistic Christian churches (the ones who were so upset with Taylor for teaching astrotheology) wanted to remove the images of the four living creatures from the title-pages of the New Testaments? Did Taylor realize that the vision of Ezekiel was a vision of UFOs, and did he believe that in order to keep the people from finding it out, the illustrations began to be expurgated from the printed versions of the scriptures during the Protestant times, when more and more people were actually looking at the Bible for themselves?

Nope. That’s not what he thought.

Taylor argues that the real identity of these four living creatures is indicated by Irenaeus himself, in the beginning of the passage cited above. Taylor says:

The reasoning, then, of the Christian father, Irenaeus, that there were four gospels, because there were four seasons of the year, after all the contempt which those who have invented the absurd conceit of a supposed historical basis of these divine poems would cast on it, is indeed the true and real account of the matter. Astronomico-Theological Lectures (1857), 269 – 270.

That sentence is a bit of a mouthful, so let’s rearrange it to make it easier to see what Taylor is saying:

The reasoning, then, of the Christian father Irenaeus, is indeed the true and real account of the matter. There were four gospels because there were four seasons of the year — despite all the contempt that those who have invented the literalist approach will cast upon this argument. The literalist approach creates the “absurd conceit” (the “ridiculous fantasy or fabrication”) that all these divine poems (“metaphors, allegories, language full of imagery”) actually represent historical events — and this approach misses their meaning altogether [this is my own free rearrangement of Taylor’s quotation from pages 269-270, with a little paraphrase thrown in and some explanatory “translation” in quotation marks].

Taylor argues that the four seasons to which Irenaeus refers in conjunction with the four gospels are represented in the four accompanying symbols, which stand for four zodiac constellations: the Lion obviously represents Leo, the Ox of course corresponds to the Bull of Taurus, the Man is the only male human figure among the zodiac twelve: Aquarius the Eagle is located directly above the Scorpion in the night sky, and hence is another way of referring to Scorpio. Each of these corresponds to a season, Taylor explains: the Lion to summer, and Aquarius to winter, with the Bull corresponding to spring and the Scorpion to the autumn or fall.

We could go even further and note that which Taylor does not explicitly state (although he does hint on page v of the introduction to Devil’s Pulpit), which is that the selection of these four specific stations on the zodiac wheel are by no means random: they represent the zodiac constellations which governed the four critical points of the annual cycle during the Age of Taurus, when the spring equinox sunrise took place in Taurus, the summer solstice in Leo, the fall equinox in Scorpio, and the winter solstice in Aquarius.

These four zodiac constellations no longer govern those four critical points of the year: the ages-long process of precession (sometimes called “the precession of the equinoxes”) has moved the background stars twice since then, and going on a third time. Much of ancient myth corresponds to the zodiac as it would have been in the Age of Aries, which came after the Age of Taurus, which is depicted in the diagram below (which should be quite familiar by now to readers of this blog or the book The Undying Stars):

In the above diagram, the mighty “cross” of the year is depicted, as it was in the Age of Aries, when the Spring Equinox took place at the junction between Pisces and Aries, at the left side of the wheel in the “9 o’clock” position (the progress on the above layout is clockwise: the sun will rise in each sign shown for about one month, before moving to the next sign in a clockwise direction).

The arrival of Aries, then, signified the arrival of spring equinox, and thus this entire Age was designate the Age of Aries. As the year progressed, the sun would climb higher and higher in the sky on the way to the summer solstice, which took place at the end of the sign of Gemini and the beginning of the sign of Cancer the Crab: thus, the wedge on the wheel belonging to Cancer is shaded in red.

The sun would then begin to decline back “down” towards the fall equinox, which took place right after the end of the month in which the sun rose in Virgo the Virgin, and entered the sign of Libra the Scales or the Balance (at the “3 o’clock” position at the right-hand side of the circle as you look at it on the page above).

From there, the sun’s path would continue to get lower and lower in the sky — and its rising points further and further south for observers in the northern hemisphere — until the time of the winter solstice, which was then taking place in between the signs of Sagittarius the Archer and Capricorn the Goat. Thus, Capricorn is also shaded in red: the two red wedges of Cancer and Capricorn thus make up the “vertical bar” of the great “cross of the year,” the vertical bar running from the winter solstice at the bottom of the year straight up to the summer solstice at the top of the year. You can see the importance of the Age of Aries in the fact that the two tropics are still designated by the signs that governed the beginning of the high-point and the low-point for the annual cycle during that Age: the Tropic of Cancer (northern hemisphere) and the Tropic of Capricorn (southern).

Similarly, the “horizontal bar” of the great cross of the year is indicated by the two signs shaded in black, which during the Age of Aries would have been Aries and Libra.

The motion of precession, which is discussed in this video that I made a few years back to try to illustrate the concept using a very clear and easy-to-grasp series of images, actually “delays” the background stars of the zodiac, causing the sun to rise in the preceding zodiac constellation after a long period of approximately 2,160 years. Hence, in the Age prior to the Age of Aries, the sun was rising in the constellation of Taurus on the spring equinox, instead of in Aries (Aries precedes Taurus, and so the motion of precession eventually delayed the background stars enough for the sun to rise in the constellation Aries on spring equinox instead of in Taurus).

Here is the same diagram shown above, but this time labeled for the great cross of the year in the Age of Taurus:

And now we begin to perceive the significance of the “four living creatures” of the vision of Ezekiel, and of the insistence of Irenaeus that the gospels themselves must also be four and only four in number, and correspond to the four living creatures of Ezekiel. For in the Age of Taurus, we can see that the spring equinox corresponds to the Bull, the summer solstice corresponds to the Lion, the fall equinox corresponds to Scorpio (which is located at the base of the shimmering path of the Milky Way, and contains flying upwards above Scorpio the constellation of Aquila the Eagle), and the winter solstice corresponds to Aquarius the Water-Bearer.

The correspondences are undeniable, and the significance of this fact is profound.

If Ezekiel’s vision of the heavens corresponds to the zodiac wheel, and includes clear reference to the four zodiac constellations governing the stations of the two solstices and two equinoxes, then this is a very powerful piece of evidence supporting the argument that the ancient scriptures of the Bible consist of esoteric metaphors describing the motions of the heavens.

In fact, I believe that almost all ancient myth from around the world can be demonstrated to consist of just such esoteric metaphors describing the motions of the heavens, and outline the evidence for this conclusion in over fifty different examinations of specific myths and sacred stories that are linked on this page (the “Star Myth Index”).

The fact that the stories of the Old and New Testaments are also built upon this exact same system actually unites them with the rest of the world’s sacred traditions. It was the creators of the literalist approach who falsely divided the Biblical scriptures from the rest of the world’s sacred traditions, and then set about opposing and attacking the rest of the world’s traditions, which they had now set themselves apart from. Obviously, this separation stretches back to the time of Irenaeus, who was an important and powerful proponent of the literalist approach and a tireless enemy of those who did not subscribe to the literalistic historicizing approach.

Once we understand that the “four living creatures” described in the vision of Ezekiel correspond exactly to the four zodiac points of the great wheel of the year during the Age of Taurus, the rest of his vision begins to become clear. His vision does not describe UFOs, but rather the motions of the great wheels which turn in the sky as the zodiac with its colures (or hoops) that pass through and connect the solstices and the equinoxes — an understanding of the mechanism of the heavens which is replicated in the familiar and beautiful armillary spheres, whose very name means “composed of rings.”

Below is an image of an armillary sphere:

image: Wikimedia commons (link).

Like most armillary spheres, it represents the heavens as seen from earth, and consists of a ring that represents the celestial equator and a ring that represents the plane of the ecliptic: these two cross at the points of the equinoxes. It also consists of one hoop which passes through the equinox points and then through the north and south celestial poles — this is called the “equinoctial colure” — and one hoop which passes through the solstice points and then through the north and south celestial poles — this is called the “solstitial colure.”

Below, those points are labeled in case you aren’t familiar with these concepts:

Now, as you can see, the armillary sphere is constructed with an “axle” that runs between the two points labeled “N. Celestial Pole” and “S. Celestial Pole,” which means that the entire “sphere of rings” will turn around this central axle –just as the sky as seen from an observer on earth appears to “turn” around a central hub at the north celestial pole (or the south celestial pole, if you are observing from the southern hemisphere). Then, altogether as if they were connected, the rings of the celestial equator and the ecliptic will turn, and athwart these will turn the two great “vertical hoops” of the sosltitial and equinoctial colures, carrying along with them the four important points of the two solstices and two equinoxes.

Let’s go back and examine the vision of Ezekiel again, and you can see that this is exactly what the text is describing.

In verse 4: “behold, a whirlwind came out of the north.” This can be understood as referring to the fact that the heavens appear to turn around the central point of the north celestial pole. This is elsewhere described in myth as a mighty whirlpool: the two images both refer to the same thing — the circling of either air or water around a central point (the “vortex” of the whirlpool or whirlwind — which is the north celestial pole, if you are in the northern hemisphere, as Ezekiel evidently is, since he says that this whirlwind “came out of the north”).

In verse 4 as well: “a great cloud, and a fire infolding itself, and a brightness was about it.” I believe this almost certainly refers to the great cloud of the Milky Way galaxy, which crosses the heavens like one of the colures, basically along the line that divides Sagittarius and Scorpio and runs up to form the line between Taurus and Gemini.

In verse 5: “Also out of the midst thereof came the likeness of four living creatures.” These four living creatures are the four points on the ecliptic hoop through which the solstitial and equinoctial colures pass: they are the images of the zodiac constellations at those four points.

In verse 9: “Their wings were joined one to another; they turned not when they went; they went every one straight forward.” This can be understood as referring to the fact that the four creatures are all turned by the same force — their “wings are joined one to another.” The phrase about them “turning not” but always going “straight forward” may seem confusing, until you understand that the five visible planets go across the face of the heavens in a very different manner: they all go into what is called “retrograde motion” at some point (when the earth is “overtaking them”). This concept of retrograde motion in the visible planets is discussed here and here, and it is very important. But, the zodiac constellations represented by these four living creatures are not visible planets, and they will not undergo retrograde motion. They will always go “straight forward” across the sky, and they will never be seen “turning back.”

In verse 13: “their appearance was like burning coals of fire, and like the appearance of lamps.” This and the other descriptions almost certainly refer to the fact that the constellations are composed of stars in the sky — which are “like lamps” in the heavens, or burning coals.

In verse 15: “behold one wheel upon the earth by the living creatures, with his four faces.” This refers to the fact that the four zodiac signs are born along by one wheel — the ring of the ecliptic, labeled above on the armillary sphere. It is “by the earth” because it is very close to ring of the celestial equator.

In verse 16: “they four had one likeness: and their appearance and their work was as it were a wheel in the middle of a wheel.” This refers to the fact that all four are actually part of the same ring, which turns as a “wheel in the middle of a wheel” as can plainly be seen by contemplating the motion of a turning armillary sphere such as the one depicted above.

In verse 18: “As for their rings, they were so high that they were dreadful, and their rings [or “strakes”] were full of eyes round about them four.” This verse, which hitherto seemed so confusing, is now revealed as an apt description of what we have been discussing so far. They are “full of eyes” because they are full of stars (this explains how they had “eyes inside” as well, as described in other verses not quoted here). The rings that are “so high that they were dreadful” are probably the two colures, which run up to and through the celestial north pole and then down to the celestial south pole. The “strakes” are the segments of the wheel of the year –in fact, it is a perfect metaphor for the segments of a zodiac wheel. Below is an image of an old wooden straked wheel:

image: Wikimedia commons (link). Modified by adding the blue arrows

showingstrakes andthe yellow box labelingthe strakes.

And in verse 19: “and when the living creatures were lifted up from the earth, the wheels were lifted up.” This could refer to the motion of the constellations as they turn across the night sky, lifting up from the eastern horizon, crossing the vault of the heavens, and then going back down to sink into the western horizon. But, I actually believe it refers to the separation between the plane of the ecliptic and the celestial equator — with the celestial equator being metaphorically referred to as “the earth” here. The fact that these two are “split apart” as they are means that throughout the year they create a sort of yawning motion like the opening and closing of the mouth of a great fish or something of that nature. You can see some animations of this motion in the link inside this previous post discussing this phenomenon.

From the above explication, it is I believe completely clear that the vision of Ezekiel refers to the celestial mechanics of the turning wheels of the heavens — and does so with reference to the constellations that governed the “cross of the year” during the Age of Taurus. This is powerful confirmation of the theory that these ancient scriptures concern the action of these celestial forces — and, as I have discussed at length in other blog posts and in the book The Undying Stars, they do so as part of an esoteric system of allegory designed to convey profound truths about the nature of the universe and of human existence in this incarnate life.

But, as we have seen from the preceding discussion, this allegorical description of the mighty machinery of the heavens is not confined to the vision of Ezekiel: one of the most important early proponents of the religion based on the New Testament scriptures has explicitly informed us that this description applies with equal force to the four gospels describing the life of Jesus. These four living creatures, who are sometimes referred to as “the tetramorphs” (which means “four-forms”) or sometimes altogether as “the tetramorph,” are specifically connected to the Four Evangelists and the telling of the story “according to” each of them.

As we have seen, there is some confusion even amongst the early “church fathers” as to which of the four creatures corresponds to which of the four gospels. This may well be because trying to connect a gospel to a creature based on the perceived characteristics of, say, a Lion or an Ox (as Irenaeus and the rest do in their discussions) is mistaken: it may well be that they should be connected based on the characteristics of the specific season (or the solstice or equinox) rather than to the characteristics of the animal or creature whose constellation governed that season. In other words, if one of the accounts has a “summery” aspect, then perhaps it should be connected to the living creature that looks like a Lion and corresponds to Leo and the summer solstice, and if another account has a “wintery” aspect, then perhaps it should be connected to the living creature that looks like a Man and corresponds to Aquarius and the winter solstice.

Robert Taylor follows such a procedure, and comes up with his own assignment of the four creatures, different from Irenaeus or Jerome, but interestingly enough in agreement with the layout proposed by Augustine.

Taylor simply argues that because Matthew is the longest, and since days are longest in summer and specifically at summer solstice, then Matthew must correspond to the Lion (as Augustine in fact assigned it as well).

Since Mark is the shortest, and since the days are shortest at winter solstice, Taylor assigns Mark to the Man who represents Aquarius and the winter solstice during the Age of Taurus.

The other two correspond to the equinoxes, and Taylor notes that in fact Luke and John are both of them nearly equal in length and that both are shorter than Matthew but longer than Mark. He gives Luke the Ox (as do all the others –on this point everyone seems to be in agreement), and John the Eagle (here he is in agreement with everyone but Irenaeus).

It is interesting that all of them have Luke assigned to the Ox, which corresponds to the sign in which the year “starts” during the Age of Taurus. This is interesting because it is Luke who gives us the most comprehensive gospel account of the birth of Jesus. This connection may or may not be valid, since of course the birth narrative is full of winter solstice imagery, but it is interesting, especially since the signs clearly correspond to the Age of Taurus and since this is the one correspondence agreed upon by all the commentators we have examined.

It is also interesting that Taylor’s proposal matches up with Augustine. We know of Augustine that he was highly trained in Platonic philosophy — and it is quite clear that the Platonic school in ancient times was a preserver of the exact type of esoteric knowledge that we are discussing here.

It is also extremely noteworthy that we are using the zodiac constellations from the Age of Taurus — an Age of great antiquity. Much of the imagery from the Old Testament seems to celebrate the arrival of the Age of Aries, including the famous incident of Moses smashing the tablets of the law when his brother Aaron insists on establishing an idol of a Bull calf. The New Testament gospels, of course, often use imagery suggesting that they are heralding the advent of the Age following the Age of Aries: the Age of Pisces (which is now drawing to a close, as we enter the Age of Aquarius).

So, where did these patterns corresponding to the Age of Taurus come from? I believe they may be an important clue pointing to the fact that the scriptures of both the so-called “Old” and “New” Testaments come from extremely ancient sources, and very likely from ancient Egypt. This is another discussion, but it is a very important one.

Finally, it is of course ironic that Irenaeus is here referring to a passage with deep foundations in celestial metaphor, and that he is doing so as part of his massive work Against Heresies, the entire purpose of which was to counter the arguments of the Gnostics (broadly speaking — there are technical distinctions within the broad concept of the Gnostic approach, and Irenaeus attacked many of these in turn within his work, such as the Valentian teachings and many others). The very essence of what I would broadly term “the Gnostic approach” (as opposed to the literalistic-historicist approach that Irenaeus was championing) is the idea that these scriptures should not be understood as describing literal or historical events and figures, but that they are to be understood esoterically.

In other words, if one were to argue that Jesus was not a literal or historical character but that these scriptures were designed to enable the individual to perceive the “Christ in you,” that could generally be described as a more Gnostic understanding of the scriptures — and it would generally be strongly condemned by “orthodox” literalist Christianity.

And yet, the insistence that the four gospels that tell us the story of the Christ all correspond to the great wheel of the year is to point to the fact that these stories in fact are all about “the Christ in you.” Because, as many previous posts have labored to explain, the up & down motion of the sun through the year, and the daily motion of the sun, stars, and planets from one horizon to the other and then “down into the earth,” can be understood as a powerful allegory for the experience of each and every human soul, plunging down from the spirit realm into incarnation, and toiling through the space “between the horizons” (between the equinoxes, in the lower half of the circle) before ascending again into the heavens, perhaps to repeat the cycle over and over (at least for a few trips, until whatever we are learning to do down here is learned




JOB 38: 38:1 Then the LORD answered Job out of the whirlwind, and said,38:2 Who is this that darkeneth counsel by words without knowledge?38:3 Gird up now thy loins like a man; for I will demand of thee, and answer thou me.38:4 Where wast thou when I laid the foundations of the earth? declare, if thou hast understanding.38:5 Who hath laid the measures thereof, if thou knowest? or who hath stretched the line upon it?38:6 Whereupon are the foundations thereof fastened? or who laid the corner stone thereof;38:7 When the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy?38:9 When I made the cloud the garment thereof, and thick darkness a swaddlingband for it,38:10 And brake up for it my decreed place, and set bars and doors,38:19 Where is the way where light dwelleth? and as for darkness, where is the place thereof,38:23 Which I have reserved against the time of trouble, against the day of battle and war?38:24 By what way is the light parted, which scattereth the east wind upon the earth?38:25 Who hath divided a watercourse for the overflowing of waters, or a way for the lightning of thunder;38:26 To cause it to rain on the earth, where no man is; on the wilderness, wherein there is no man;38:28 Hath the rain a father? or who hath begotten the drops of dew?38:30 The waters are hid as with a stone, and the face of the deep is frozen.38:31 Canst thou bind the sweet influences of Pleiades, or loose the bands of Orion?38:32 Canst thou bring forth Mazzaroth in his season? or canst thou guide Arcturus with his sons?38:33 Knowest thou the ordinances of heaven? canst thou set the dominion thereof in the earth?38:34 Canst thou lift up thy voice to the clouds, that abundance of waters may cover thee? Job

This blog/site contains much information about witchcraft, black magic, occultism, voodoo magic, esoterica and paganism. When I had some difficulties in my life, magic helped me to find the right way. I started to collect different information about witchcraft and wicca. So I decided to create a website with many texts, containing secret wiccan knowledge. I hope that my site will help people to find their way on the road of learning magic.

Today the alternative religions are very widespread in the world. The wicca and witchcraft become a strong part of our life. But sometimes it’s difficult to start Introducing with the world of magic without help. This website contains many useful articles on magic, paganism and occultism. i am sure that they will help you in your search.

Magic helps to see the goal of your life and to seek to it. I am experienced old witch, I know a lot and know how. I remember how hard it was to start this journey’s path, as my purpose, and I want to help beginners. I tried to find different information about black magic, occultism, voodoo magic, esoterica and paganism. I hope you will find it useful for you.

I try to credit all artciles but sometimes I don’t know the source or author. Some of the information in this articles comes from my own research and some is sent to me by friends and colleagues. If you recognize an article on my site and know the source or author, please contact me and I will add that information to the article. If you are the author of an article published on my site, and prefer that I do not feature it here, please let me know and I will promptly remove it upon request. I want to thank everyone for sharing so much wonderful information!














WTC SPHERE MEMORIAL, NYC (Eternal Flame, torch, light ascending/descending)






Bern Switzerland Temple statue of Angel Moroni

The Angel Moroni (/moʊˈroʊnaɪ/[1] ) is, in Mormonism, an angel who visited Joseph Smith on numerous occasions, beginning on September 21, 1823. According to Smith, the angel was the guardian of the golden plates, which Latter Day Saints believe were the source material for the Book of Mormon, buried in a hill near Smith’s home in western New York. An important figure in the theology of the Latter Day Saint movement, he is featured prominently in Mormon architecture and art. Three Witnesses besides Smith also reported that they saw Moroni in visions in 1829, as did several other witnesses who each said they had their own vision.

Moroni is thought by Latter Day Saints to be the same person as a Book of Mormon prophet-warrior named Moroni, who was the last to write in the golden plates. The book states that Moroni buried them before he died after a great battle between two pre-Columbian civilizations.




After he died, he became an angel who was tasked with guarding the golden plates and directing Smith to their location in the 1820s. According to Smith, he returned the golden plates to Moroni after they were translated and, as of 1838, Moroni still had the plates in his possession.


Granite Mountain (Utah)

Granite Mountain is a mass of solid rock one mile up Little Cottonwood Canyon in the Wasatch Range of Utah, not too far from Salt Lake City, Utah. Despite its name, Granite Mountain is primarily composed of quartz monzonite, an igneous rock similar to granite in appearance, physical characteristics, and chemical composition. This is the same material used to construct the Salt Lake Temple and the facade of the LDS Conference Center.

See also: Family History Library and Genealogical Society of Utah

The Granite Mountain Records Vault (also known simply as The Vault) is a large archive and vault owned by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) excavated 600 feet into the north side of Little Cottonwood Canyon. The Granite Mountain facilities feature a dry, environment-controlled facility used for long-term record storage, as well as administrative offices, shipping and receiving docks, a processing facility and restoration laboratory for microfilm.

Records stored include genealogical and family history information contained in over 2.4 million rolls of microfilm and 1 million microfiche. This equals about three billion pages of family history records. The vault’s library of microfilm increases by up to 40,000 rolls per year. Since 1999, the church has been digitizing the genealogical microfilms stored in the vault. The church makes the records publicly available through its Family History Centers, as well as online at its FamilySearch website.

There is a second vault, two miles further up the canyon. However, this vault is owned and operated by Perpetual Storage Inc., and run for-profit.


Friday, Feb. 12, 2016


Asking someone about their debt, or how much they make on a first date is weird � even by my standards.

Pick a trustworthy income tax preparer because you are ultimately responsible for the information on it.

Being conscious for surgery may sound like a frightening throwback to the days before anesthesia.


Researching Family History: The Granite Mountain Records Vault has come a long way

By Russell Bangerter, For the Deseret News

Published: Wed, Jan. 23, 2013, 5:00 a.m. MST

1 comment

Granite Mountain Record Vaults Entryway (LDS Church)

Not far from Salt Lake City and just up Little Cottonwood Canyon on the north slope is the Granite Mountain Records Vault — the largest archives in the world. If it were not for four large arched windows peering out toward the south slope and a road that takes off leading to it, a person driving past may not even notice it.

The step-by-step forming of the vault inside granite rock was carefully watched by our family. Between reading the newspapers my brothers and I delivered to people in Centerville, Utah, and watching the progress of it on television, the vaults became a point of discussion at the family dinner table. Online IT Degree Programs

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On one occasion, I remember dad pointing out the vault housed in rock being something like Moroni, the ancient Nephite prophet sealing up the record of his ancestors, afterwhich he buried them in Cumorah’s Hill. “I seal up these records…” (Moroni 10:2), wrote Moroni. I wondered how this vault would help protect people’s family records waiting to be researched.

As we discussed the progress of the construction, I was impressed with the facility drilled and blasted out of the mammoth granite rock. “How is it that by drilling and blasting such an archive can be carved out INSIDE such a mammoth rock?” I wondered.

Soon, my interest moved from the outside of the vaults to the inside. I asked dad many questions, including: “What about the inside of the vault?” “What process will be used to protect genealogy and other records?” “What types of records will be sent there?”

Over time, I learned that the vault would become home for microfilm sent from camera operators stationed throughout the world for processing and eventual use by researchers. Genealogy, and possibly government records, would be copied on to film, sent to the vault and processed there. The microfilm would be copies of paper documents as they were at the moment of filming. Microfilming paper documents would avoid any chance of further decay over time, weather stains, water marks, etc., because film does not decay like paper or parchment.

In 1972, upon completing a mission for The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, I was hired to work at the church-owned vault as a microfilm evaluator. I was elated at the prospect of examining and preserving microfilm containing genealogical records. This was a dream come true for me. I saw direct connections between this job and what my siblings and I were doing helping my parents by proof reading documents of our own ancestors. It was further advancing my skills in genealogy. By so doing, I gained experience in the “big picture process” I could not get anywhere else. All of this was a work-in-process and I was a part of it. I was headed right for the vocation I now pursue as a degreed professional researcher running my own research company.

I remember my first day of work in the vault. There was a long counter with seats for each evaluator. At each work station, the counter had reel drives on the left (output reel) and right (takeup reel) and a light on the counter between the drives. Operating the drives by motor using a switch, the output reel fed the film slowly over the light to the take-up reel. As I examined the film, I noted defects such as nicks and cracks. I determined whether the exposure was too light or too dark for researchers to read the films. I marked where the deficiencies were, afterwhich I returned the films to the processing rooms for correction, re-do, and re-inspection.

Some months later, I left for a new job, but even today I look back on those work experiences at the vault as a necessary and important time in my career development. Even today, when I put a microfilm roll on a reader to do research in the Family History Library, I catch myself looking at the quality of the film. I have found this training has enhanced my ability with film and documents, which is a plus for our clients.

Efforts to digitize the records have been ongoing since 1999, according to Wikipedia.

During the past 41 years, changes in technology such as computers and other machines has significantly altered the way information and documents are processed at the vault. Nowadays, it is so much faster and easier to simply go to the Family History Library or one of the satellite research centers to use a computer to request a digitized document. In a flash, the document appears on the screen. Most likely, the document had at some point been evaluated and digitized from microfilm at the Granite Mountain Records Vault.

To take a free video tour of the vault at Granite Mountain Records Vault Part I and Part II.

The Granite Mountain Records Vaults Part 1

This video explains how records stored in microfilm and other formats are digitized, indexed, and published online in a searchable format, where they can be accessed by researchers around the world at

Genealogy graduate Russell Bangerter is president of Ancestral Connections, Inc., at He is a professional genealogist, author and speaker; and adviser to Treasured Souls to Keep, at


1. mcrowley Jan. 23, 2013

Thanks for sharing this. I am grateful to the thousands who have served throughout many nations filming records so that I can search from my computer, verifying my heritage with copies of primary documents. My husband was in Ireland a few years ago for a Family Reunion and went to the Dublin Genealogical Society seeking information. He was told that all the original records had been destroyed in a fire, but some were available from microfilm that had been recorded before the fire. Guess what that source was? Yes, my husband entered his Username and Password in FamilySearch! He could have done his research from our home! We are so blessed because of the inspiration of those who had the vision of this Great Vault and acted.


Family of Light: Pleiadian Tales and Lessons in Living

With compassion and compelling insight, the Pleiadians, those system-busting time-travelers from the future, take us on a journey through the uncharted lands of The Book of Earth, which comprises all human experience. While “our world goes belly-up in these most absurd of times,” they offer us “tools for survival.” During the crucial period between 1987 and 2012 — a nanosecond in the annals of existence where secrets and solutions are stored — we have the unique opportunity to move from the deepest of density to the highest of frequencies — where we shift from linear to multi-dimensional living.

To make this transition, we must face not only the limitations of our 3-D world with its electronic manipulation and mind control, we must embrace our own wounds, and those of our ancestors and leaders. To heal ourselves, to raise our frequency from one of despair and fear to one of great inspiration and love, the Pleiadians urge us to rethink and reevaluate our lives: “You shall change, you will change, you must change, because this is the season of change.” Excerpts from Family of Light

From Chapter 1, “Reality Exists as a Mirror,” Pages 16-17

One of the greatest challenges you face is to understand how the mind works. We said that we will convey thought to you, mind to mind. You are, of course, telepathically expanding. Many people are very good at it while some people cannot imagine it ever working, yet you are born with this ability. If you cultivated it, you would be far more astute than you believe yourselves to be. Then again, if you were far more astute, you would not be as manageable. Much is kept from you and held in secret as higher knowledge: your ability to heal, to use your mind to create what you want, to send and receive messages, to see pictures or read energy fields — these these are your innate abilities. If you claim these powers, then the few who live in wealth and are in charge will have a very difficult time managing you. How could they if you were free, unencumbered by shoulds, sins, and limitations?

From Chapter 2, “Doorways of Time,” Page 39

Your world is marketed for separation, for meaningless living; with all the sins, heavens, and hells, it is a wonder anyone wants to be born any more. However, love is here in a form that is beyond what you can ever experience any place else. Your ultimate destiny is to turn the whole world into a love frequency, and we are here to assist you in that process. We cannot do it for you. Actually, all we can really do is entertain you, feed you ideas, and perhaps act as instigators. You are the final makers, creators, and doers. As you learn more about mind control and its many levels of influence, you will see that you are easily controlled because you do not want to be in charge of yourselves. You like it when ideas come to you, and you do not have to think. You like to be told what to do. You surf the Internet and have no idea that the ideas you are fed lock you in limited thinking. You do not realize your genes can be rearranged telepathically. It is not so easy to do; however it is done, particularly at the beginning of one age and the end of another.

From Chapter 6, “Nothing Is Exactly as It Appears to Be,” Page 108

Family of Light is here to set precedents and create options, to show alternate ways, not to declare one way as the only way. No dues, no club memberships, certificates of approval, or graduation diplomas are required. You simply live, creating a vibration and a standard of living that astounds those around you. Many people who do not understand the times are afraid of the power running through humankind today, so they perceive some people with power as being arrogant. Be cautious of this fault and, as you unfold to the power of healing and the energy that is within you, be sincerely gracious. Do not snub or look down at those who have not yet discovered their abilities, because the energies are here for all people. All of you who have made the discovery are to inspire others to do the same.

From Chapter 6, “Nothing Is Exactly as It Appears to Be,” Pages 117-118

The countdown during this fleeting moment of time is known by many. The World Management Team who currently influences your planet is composed of of a cluster of families, a few thousand people in number. They rule the industries of banking, media, education, and the distribution of knowledge all over your globe, and it is they, a handful of people, who challenge your freedom. They are connected through their thoughts to other entities, just as you are. The difference is they know it, and you do not for the most part, so they use their tools and techniques to connect you to the entities that they wish to feed.

The idea of invisible vampires is not unknown. Remember the Gods take all forms, and they come in to teach you and to fulfill their own destiny, which is to learn. How you learn and what lessons you attract in living will be determined by how quickly you learn the lessons in front of you right now. If the energy of the cosmos treats you to a great opportunity to love and forgive, and you do not take it, then you can be certain that you will have the opportunity to face that one again until you get it. And sometimes you will find yourself flat on your back, or perhaps flat broke, deflated, with no fizz in your mineral water, until you get it.

From Chapter 8, “Family of Dark,” Pages 144-145

Whenever you go somewhere new, you are bound to meet an unknown. The presumptions you apply to the unknown territory determine what you will experience. You cannot go into a higher frequency of energy without exploring every territory; therefore the dark side of humanity and the dark side of existence now call you to examine and understand them. The dark side of power has many secrets: hiding your inheritance as beings of biological magnificence, as well as knowledge concerning the power of your mind, the power to regenerate and replicate yourself, and to truly understand the processes of sexuality, birth, living, and death. You must learn to stop fearing the darkness, and to understand the wide variety of sexual expressions that create power, a power that rests at the core of your inheritance as human beings.

Praise for Family of Light

Magical Blend

With her third book, Barbara Marciniak establishes herself as a creator of excellent literature, as well as a bringer of essential information. . . . There is a spiritual revolution sweeping the Earth that is going to eclipse the industrial and information revolutions, and this book heralds its coming.

Nexus Magazine

The Pleiadians, that collective of multidimensional intelligences who claim to have originated from the Pleiades constellation, have been communicating through Barbara Marciniak since 1988. Family of Light is her third book of teachings channelled by these entities. Regardless of the Pleiadians’ source and identity, there is a ring of truth about their messages that resonates with other high-integrity teachings. These time-travelling agents of change again put out the wake-up call for us to learn how to handle the chaos of our times. They see our civilization, with its misplaced and misguided authorities, crumbling — but this is all part and parcel of the cosmic-scale vibrational frequency changes that are affecting our region of space. Just as we need to understand the Light, not just accept it blindly, so too, say the Pleiadians, do we need to understand the Dark and participate in the interplay between the two forces. Our only way through the chaos and fear is through the vibration of Love; without this frequency, we cannot go through the perceptual and genetic shifts that are our inheritance but which the Family of Dark has tried to suppress over the millennia. The mind-control technologies of the dark powers are a force to be reckoned with, they agree, but can be overcome with the correct energy. The Pleiadians (and, apparently, other intelligent races in the cosmos) see humanity and the Earth at an evolutionary crossroads with a great cosmic wave soon to engulf us, you guessed it: around 2012!

ForeWord Magazine

Internationally known trance channel and author of Bringers of the Dawn and Earth (which have sold half a million copies and have been translated into more than a dozen languages), Barbara Marciniak now offers a third work of Pleiadian advice and survival tools in the Family of Light. The period between the years 1987 and 2012 is said to be “a nanosecond in the annals of existence where secrets and solutions are stored.” This crucial time frame gives mankind the unique opportunity to move from the deepest of density to the highest of frequencies as we shift from linear to multidimensional living. This now is the season of change.

Metaphysical Reviews

Family of Light helps make sense of “. . . the various areas of life where it appears that your freedoms are becoming very restricted.” Barbara writes “As your system collapses and familiar comforts disappear very rapidly in the next few years, there will be an equal amount of opportunities and reappearances.” That is the vital message, “. . . you are seen as extraordinary powerful beings, as creations of the Gods.” Further, “Your ultimate destiny is to turn the whole world into a love frequency, and we are here to assist you in that process.” Barbara Marciniak, and the brilliant Family of Light shows us the means to access the intelligence, stored within each of us, to live in the next dimension, and the next century. And so Ms. Marciniak’s latest effort is surely her greatest. Family of Light is an atlas of maps that guide us, the adventurers and journeyers, into “realms of understanding and mystery to extend yourself into the depths of unfathomable antiquities.” Family of Light helps, in other words, to unlock the secrets we all hold within, to heal ourselves and to raise our frequency from fear to love. Barbara Marciniak is a lightworker, modern day guru, and voice of the Pleiadians. Family of Light is their fervent message of change. . . and as such, required reading!


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Nordic aliens

Nordic aliens are said by self-described contactees and some UFOlogists to be a group of humanoid extraterrestrials who resemble Nordic-Scandinavians purported to come from the Pleiades. [1]

Nordics are typically described as six to seven feet tall (about two meters) with long blonde hair and blue eyes, and are commonly reported as being male. [2]

Their skin is said to range from fair colored to tanned, [3] they are reported to be in excellent physical shape, and they are sometimes described as wearing skintight clothing. [2] One report notes that they seem to be unaffected by strong odors, as if they have no sense of smell. [4] During the 1950s, many contactees, especially those in Europe, reported beings fitting this description. Such claims became relatively less common in subsequent decades, as the grey alien supplanted the Nordic in most accounts of extraterrestrial encounters, but Nordic aliens are still occasionally reported. [4]

Nordic aliens have been described as benevolent or even “magical” beings who want to observe and communicate with humans. Contactees have said that the Nordics are concerned about the Earth’s environment or prospects for world peace, and may transmit messages telepathically. [4] American social worker John Carpenter said that the typical Nordic, as described by those he interviewed, “is paternal, watchful, smiling, affectionate, youthful, [and] all-knowing.” [2] Stephanie Kelley-Romano says that the Nordics “are often associated with spiritual growth and love and act as protectors for the experiencers.” [5] A few claimants say that the Nordics have warned them about the grey aliens, [4] but other claimants say that they have seen Nordics inside the same craft as greys. [2] In such reports, the Nordics are often interpreted as leaders, with the greys as their subordinates. [3] Jenny Randles writes that although she believes Nordics have “certainly” been involved in abductions she feels the abduction is “less essential to the encounter than it is with the [greys].” [6]

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Amen is a word that came to English from Latin, which got it from Greek, which got it from Aramaic, which got it from Hebrew (technically, Aramaic may have had it anyway, before it became the standard language of the Jewish people a few centuries before the time of Christ).

It is difficult to translate this word directly, which is often a reason that words are borrowed from other languages (i.e., if there’s no direct way to translate this foreign word, just borrow it).

The specific Hebrew word amen (’amen ) appears to be derived from a related verb–’aman , which means “he confirmed, supported, or upheld.” This verb is also associated with the Hebrew word for truth (’emet ), which carries the idea of certainty or dependability (i.e., that which is true is that which is certain or dependable).

’Amen itself is an interjection used to agree with, affirm, approve, or emphasize something else that has been said. Thus when Jesus begins certain sayings by declaring “Amen, amen, I say to you . . . ” various Bible translations often render the “amen, amen” different ways. Because of the word’s association with the Hebrew terms for truth, the double amen is sometimes rendered “truly, truly” or “verily, verily.” Because of its association with the Hebrew terms for confirmation or dependability, one might also translate it “certainly, certainly” or “most assuredly.”

When one says “amen” in response to a prayer, it serves as an affirmation of agreement with the content of the prayer (cf. 1 Cor 14:16)—in which case it is sometimes translated “So be it” (cf. CCC 2856)—or as an expression of faith that God will hear and act on the prayer.

Bottom line: Amen is an interjection associated with the Hebrew words for truth and dependability, it conveys the idea of agreement or emphasis, and its meaning can be translated different ways depending on the context.