The Knights of Malta 101
POSTED APR 25, 2011
KNIGHTS OF MALTA & Conspiracy Theories https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/stuff-they-dont-want-you-to/id336931685?ign-mpt=uo%3D4
Roman Catholic military order. For other uses, see Order of Saint John (disambiguation) and Knights of Malta (disambiguation).
The Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of Saint John of Jerusalem of Rhodes and of Malta (Latin: Supremus Ordo Militaris Hospitalis Sancti Ioannis Hierosolymitani Rhodius et Melitensis), also known as the Sovereign Military Order of Malta (SMOM) or Order of Malta, is a Roman Catholic lay religious order traditionally of military, chivalrousand noble nature. It was founded as the Knights Hospitaller circa 1099 inJerusalem, Kingdom of Jerusalem, by the Blessed Gerard, making it the world’s oldest surviving chivalric order.Headquartered in Palazzo Malta in Rome, widely considered a sovereign subject of international law, its mission is summed up in its motto:Tuitio fidei et obsequium pauperum, “Defence of the (Catholic) faith and assistance to the poor”.
The Sovereign Military Order of Malta is the present-day continuation of the medieval Knights Hospitaller, now based in Rome, with origins in the Fraternitas Hospitalaria hospital founded circa 1048 by merchants from the Duchy of Amalfiin the Muristan district of Jerusalem,Fatimid Caliphate, to provide medical care for pilgrims to the Holy Land. Following the conquest of Jerusalem in 1099 during the First Crusade and the loss of the Kingdom of Jerusalem to theMamluk Sultanate, it became a military order to protect Christians againstIslamic persecution and was recognised as sovereign in 1113 by Pope Paschal II. It operated from Cyprus (1291–1310),Rhodes (1310–1523), Malta (1530–1798), over which it was sovereign until the French occupation, and fromPalazzo Malta in Rome from 1834 until the present, subsequently known under its current name. The order venerates as its patroness Mary, mother of Jesus, under the title “Our Lady of Mount Philermos”.
The Order retains sovereignty underinternational law, including United Nations permanent observer status,issuing its own passports, currency and postage stamps with the Maltese crossinsignia. The order’s military corps, threebrigades, are stationed throughout Italy, liaisoned with the Italian Armed Forces.
The Order, with 13,500 Knights, Dames and auxiliary members, employs about 25,000 doctors, nurses, auxiliaries andparamedics assisted by 80,000 volunteers in more than 120 countries,assisting children, homeless, handicapped, refugeed, elders,terminally ill and lepers around the world without distinction of ethnicity or religion. Through its worldwide relief corps, Malteser International, the order aids victims of natural disasters, epidemics and war. In several countries, including France, Germany and Ireland, local associations of the order are important providers of medical emergency services and training.