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The Holy See
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lineTHE RITE exorcismsWe reproduce here the text of the presentation made to the press by Cardinal Prefect, His Eminence Jorge Arturo Medina Estévez, January 26, 1999, the Holy See Press
To understand what the exorcism must go forth from Jesus Christ and by his own practice.
Jesus Christ came to announce and inaugurate the kingdom of God over the world and men. Men have a capacity to welcome God into their hearts (Rom 5: 5). This ability to accept God is, however, tarnished by sin and sometimes evil, man, occupies the place where God wants to live. This is why Jesus Christ came to set mankind free from the domination of evil and sin, and so also from all forms of domination of the evil, that is, the devil and his evil spirits called demons who want to divert the direction of the life of ‘ man. For this reason Jesus Christ casting out demons and freed people from the possession of evil spirits, to get space in man, so that the latter purchases the freedom to God, who wants to give his Holy Spirit to the man who is called to become his temple (1 Cor 6: 19; 1 Pet 2: 5) to direct his steps (Rom 8: 1-17; 1 Cor 12: 1 -11; Gal 5: 16-26) to peace and salvation .
Here does the Church and its ministry.
The Church is called to follow Jesus Christ and received the power from Christ, to continue in his name his mission. Then the action of Christ to free man from evil will be exercised through the service of the Church and its ordained ministers, deputies from the Bishop to perform the sacred rites addressed to free men from the possession of the evil one.
Exorcism is, then, an ancient and particular form of prayer that the Church uses against the power of the devil. Here is how the Catechism of the Catholic Church explains what the exorcism and how it is exercised:
When the Church asks publicly and authoritatively in the name of Jesus Christ that a person or object be protected against the power of the Evil One and withdrawn from his dominion, it is called exorcism. Jesus has practiced (Mark 1: 25f.); It is from him that the Church has received the power and the task of exorcising (cf. Mk 3: 15; 6, 7:13, 16, 17). In a simple form exorcism it is performed at the celebration of Baptism. The solemn exorcism, called “a major exorcism,” can be performed only by a priest and with the permission of the bishop. Priest must proceed with prudence, strictly observing the rules established by the Church. Exorcism is directed at the expulsion of demons or to the liberation from demonic possession through the spiritual authority which Jesus entrusted to his Church. Very different is the case of diseases, especially mental, whose care falls within the field of medical science. It is therefore important to ensure, before an exorcism is performed, whether it’s a presence of the Evil One, and not an illness (cf. Code of Canon Law, can. 1172) – (Catechism of the Catholic Church, n. 1673).
Scripture teaches us that evil spirits, enemies of God and man, place their action in different ways; among them it is reported diabolical obsession also called demonic possession. But the diabolical obsession is not the most frequent way in which exerts its influence the spirit of darkness. The obsession has features of spectacle and in it the devil takes hold in a certain way the forces and physical activity of the person who suffers possession. He can not, however, take over the free will of the subject, and so the devil can not get from a person possessed of free will involved, enough to make her sin. Nevertheless, the physical violence that the devil exercises sull’ossesso is an incentive to sin and that’s what he want to achieve. The exorcism ritual signals different criteria and clues that allow you to reach, prudent with certainty, the conviction that we are faced with a demonic possession. It is then that the exorcist authorized can perform the solemn rite of exorcism. Among these criteria they are: speak many words of unknown tongues or understand them; making things known distant or hidden; demonstrate forces beyond their condition, and this along with vehement aversion to God, the Virgin, the saints, the cross and the holy Images.
It is pointed out that to perform the exorcism need the permission of the diocesan bishop, authorization may be granted for a specific case or in general and permanent way the priest engaged in the diocese the ministry of exorcist.
The Roman Ritual contained in a separate chapter, the signs and the liturgical text of exorcisms. This chapter was the last and remained without being revised after Vatican II. The final draft of this Rite of Exorcism has richiest
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