Pope Speaks on Holy Spirit Unseen, Purpose & Disernment

SEE ANGELS & Demons movie (scene: The Vatican sought out Tom Hanks, the cypher puzzle piece decoder, yet didnt want him gaining access to the 57 mile hidden library beneath the Vatican. The Roman Catholic clergy 


See alsoEdit


  1. a b García Villoslada, Ricardo (1986). San Ignacio de Loyola: Nueva biografía (in Spanish). La Editorial Católica. ISBN 84-220-1267-7We deduct that, (…), Iñigo de Loyola should have been born before October 23, 1491.
  2. ^ Idígoras Tellechea, José Ignacio (1994). “When was he born? His nurse’s account”.Ignatius of Loyola: The Pilgrim Saint. Chicago: Loyola University Press. p. 45.ISBN 0-8294-0779-0.
  3. ^ Ignatius of Loyola (1970). The constitutions of the society of Jesus. Translated by Ganss, George E. Institute of Jesuit Sources. p. 249 [No. 529]The entire meaning of this fourth vow of obedience to the pope was and is in regard to the missions … this obedience is treated: in everything which the sovereign pontiff commands.
  4. ^ “The Counter-Reformation”. Washington State University. Retrieved 2013-03-09.
  5. ^ “Summer Fiestas” (PDF). euskadi.net. Retrieved 2008-07-24.
  6. a b Wikisource-logo.svg John Hungerford Pollen (1913). “St._Ignatius_Loyola“. In Herbermann, Charles.Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
  7. ^ “Nombres: Eneko”. Euskaltzaindia (The Royal Academy of the Basque Language). Retrieved 2009-04-23. Article in Spanish
  8. ^ Verd, Gabriel María (1976). “El “Íñigo” de San Ignacio de Loyola”. Archivum Historicum Societatis Iesu (in Spanish). Roma: Institutum Historicum Societatis Iesu. 45: 95–128.ISSN 0037-8887.
  9. ^ Verd, Gabriel María (1991). “De Iñigo a Ignacio. El cambio de nombre en San Ignacio de Loyola”. Archivum Historicum Societatis Iesu (in Spanish). Roma: Institutum Historicum Societatis Iesu. 60: 113–160.ISSN 0037-8887That St. Ignatius of Loyola’s name was changed is a known fact, but it cannot be said that it is widely known in the historiography of the saint — neither the characteristics of the names Iñigo and Ignacio nor the reasons for the change. It is first necessary to make clear the meaning of the names; they are distinct, despite the persistently held opinion in onomastic (dictionaries) and popular thought. In Spain Ignacio and Iñigo are at times used interchangeably just as if they were Jacobo and Jaime. With reference to the name Iñigo, it is fitting to give some essential notions to eliminate ambiguities and help understand what follows. This name first appears on the Ascoli brome (dated November 18, 90 BC), in a list of Spanish knights belonging to a Turma salluitana or Saragossan. It speaks of Elandus Enneces f[ilius], and according to Menéndez Pidal the final «s» is the «z» of Spanish patronymics, and could be nothing other than Elando Iñiguez. It is an ancestral Hispanic name. Ignacio, on the other hand, is a Latin name. In classical Latin there is Egnatius with an initial E. It appears only twice with an initial I (Ignatius) in the sixty volumes of the Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum. This late Latin and Greek form prevailed. In the classical period Egnatius was used as a nomen (gentilitial name) and not as a praenomen (first name) or cognomen (surname), except in very rare cases. (…) The most important conclusion, perhaps unexpected, but not unknown, is that St. Ignatius did not change his name. That is to say, he did not intend to change it. What he did was to adopt for France and Italy a name which he believed was a simple variant of his own, and which was more acceptable among foreigners…. If he had remained in Spain, he would have, without doubt, remained Iñigo.
  10. ^ Page 9, Ignatius of Loyola, the Psychology of a Saint; W.W Meissner SJ MD, Yale University Press, 1992
  11. ^ “Saint Ignatius of Loyola’s Vision of Christ and God the Father at La Storta”.lacma.org. Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA). November 30, 2016.
  12. ^ Ironically, the Song of Roland has Roland being slain by Moors, when historically his death was at the hands of Basques like Íñigo himself.
  13. a b c Richard Cohen (August 5, 2003). By the Sword: A History of Gladiators, Musketeers, Samurai, Swashbucklers, and Olympic Champions. Modern Library Paperbacks.
  14. a b c Traub, S.J.,George and Mooney, Ph.D., Debra. A Biography of St. Ignatius Loyola, Xavier University
  15. ^ In Spanish the title was “Gentilhombre”, but this should not be understood as synonymous with the English term gentleman, which denotes a man of good family. See Thomas Rochford, Ignatius Loyola: the pilgrim and man of prayer who founded the Society of Jesus “St. Ignatius Loyola: the pilgrim and man of prayer who founded the Society of Jesus”, accessed Nov. 15, 2007.
  16. ^ Rochford, Thomas. “St. Ignatius Loyola: the pilgrim and man of prayer who founded the Society of Jesus”. Society of Jesus. Retrieved 2007-11-15.
  17. ^ De Vita Christi is a commentary on the Gospels, using extracts from the works of over sixty Church Fathers, and particularly quoting from St Gregory the GreatSt BasilSt Augustine and the Venerable Bede. This work took Ludolph forty years to complete.
  18. ^ Sr Mary Immaculate Bodenstedt, “The Vita Christi of Ludolphus the Carthusian”, a Dissertation, Washington: Catholic University of America Press 1944 British Library Catalogue No. Ac2692.y/29.(16).
  19. ^ “The Vita Christi” by Charles Abbot Conway Analecta Cartusiana 34
  20. ^ “Ludolph’s Life of Christ” by Father Henry James Coleridge in The Month Vol. 17 (New Series VI) July — December 1872, pp. 337–370
  21. ^ “The Cave an artistic heritage”The Cave. Place of pilgrimage and worship. Retrieved 4 August 2014.
  22. ^ Jean Lacouture, Jesuits, A Multibiography, Washington, D.C.: Counterpoint, 1995, p. 18.
  23. ^ Demski, Eric (2014). Living by the SwordBloomington, IndianaTrafford Publishing. p. 289ISBN 978-1-490-73607-5.ISBN 1-49073607-7.
  24. ^ Twelve years later, standing before the Pope with his companions, Ignatius would again propose sending his companions as emissaries to Jerusalem. Jean Lacouture,Jesuits, A Multibiography, Washington, D.C.: Counterpoint, 1995, p. 24.
  25. ^ That is, the present-day Complutense University of Madrid, not the newer University of Alcalá established in 1977.
  26. ^ Jesuits, A Multibiography by Jean Lacouture, pp. 27–29, Washington, D.C.: Counterpoint, 1995
  27. ^ Michael Servetus Research Website that includes graphical documents in the University of Paris of: Ignations of Loyola, Francis Xavier, Alfonso Salmerón, Nicholas Bobadilla, Peter Faber and Simao Rodrigues, as well as Michael de Villanueva (“Servetus”)
  28. a b History of The World by John Clarke Ridpath, Vol. V, pp. 238, New York: Merrill & Baker, 1899
  29. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg J.H. Pollen (1913). “History of the Jesuits Before the 1773 Suppression“. In Herbermann, Charles. Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
  30. ^ Jesuitas (1583). SEXTA PARS – CAP. 1Constitutiones Societatis Iesu: cum earum declarationibus (in Latin).
  31. ^ Ignatius of Loyola (1970). The constitutions of the society of Jesus. Translated by George E. Ganss. Institute of Jesuit Sources. p. 249Carried and directed by Divine Providence through the agency of the superior as if he were a lifeless body which allows itself to be carried to any place and to be treated in any manner desired.
  32. ^ Life of Ignatius – New Orleans Province of the Society of Jesus
  33. ^ St. Ignatius Feast Day – The Archdiocese of Baltimore.
  34. ^ Tantiangco, Aya (20 July 2016). “PHL film ‘Ignacio de Loyola’ not just for the religious, say director and star”GMA Network (company). Retrieved 28 July 2016.
  35. ^ Manresa Iconography – Manresa House of Retreats, Convent, LA.
  36. ^ Loyola Crests – Loyola High School, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
  37. ^ The Crest – Saint Ignatius’ College, Riverview, Lane Cove, New South Wales, Australia.




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