SEE ANGELS & Demons movie (scene: The Vatican sought out Tom Hanks, the cypher puzzle piece decoder, yet didnt want him gaining access to the 57 mile hidden library beneath the Vatican. The Roman Catholic clergy
POPE HOLY SPIRIT 4/21/2017
Tomb of Saint Ignatius, c. 1675
Apoteosis of Saint Ignatius
Visions of Ignatius
The journeys of Ignatius of Loyola at different times
A page from Spiritual Exercises
- ^ a b García Villoslada, Ricardo (1986). San Ignacio de Loyola: Nueva biografía (in Spanish). La Editorial Católica. ISBN 84-220-1267-7.
We deduct that, (…), Iñigo de Loyola should have been born before October 23, 1491.
- ^ Idígoras Tellechea, José Ignacio (1994). “When was he born? His nurse’s account”.Ignatius of Loyola: The Pilgrim Saint. Chicago: Loyola University Press. p. 45.ISBN 0-8294-0779-0.
- ^ Ignatius of Loyola (1970). The constitutions of the society of Jesus. Translated by Ganss, George E. Institute of Jesuit Sources. p. 249 [No. 529].
The entire meaning of this fourth vow of obedience to the pope was and is in regard to the missions … this obedience is treated: in everything which the sovereign pontiff commands.
- ^ “The Counter-Reformation”. Washington State University. Retrieved 2013-03-09.
- ^ “Summer Fiestas” (PDF). euskadi.net. Retrieved 2008-07-24.
- ^ a b John Hungerford Pollen (1913). “St._Ignatius_Loyola“. In Herbermann, Charles.Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
- ^ “Nombres: Eneko”. Euskaltzaindia (The Royal Academy of the Basque Language). Retrieved 2009-04-23. Article in Spanish
- ^ Verd, Gabriel María (1976). “El “Íñigo” de San Ignacio de Loyola”. Archivum Historicum Societatis Iesu (in Spanish). Roma: Institutum Historicum Societatis Iesu. 45: 95–128.ISSN 0037-8887.
- ^ Verd, Gabriel María (1991). “De Iñigo a Ignacio. El cambio de nombre en San Ignacio de Loyola”. Archivum Historicum Societatis Iesu (in Spanish). Roma: Institutum Historicum Societatis Iesu. 60: 113–160.ISSN 0037-8887.
That St. Ignatius of Loyola’s name was changed is a known fact, but it cannot be said that it is widely known in the historiography of the saint — neither the characteristics of the names Iñigo and Ignacio nor the reasons for the change. It is first necessary to make clear the meaning of the names; they are distinct, despite the persistently held opinion in onomastic (dictionaries) and popular thought. In Spain Ignacio and Iñigo are at times used interchangeably just as if they were Jacobo and Jaime. With reference to the name Iñigo, it is fitting to give some essential notions to eliminate ambiguities and help understand what follows. This name first appears on the Ascoli brome (dated November 18, 90 BC), in a list of Spanish knights belonging to a Turma salluitana or Saragossan. It speaks of Elandus Enneces f[ilius], and according to Menéndez Pidal the final «s» is the «z» of Spanish patronymics, and could be nothing other than Elando Iñiguez. It is an ancestral Hispanic name. Ignacio, on the other hand, is a Latin name. In classical Latin there is Egnatius with an initial E. It appears only twice with an initial I (Ignatius) in the sixty volumes of the Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum. This late Latin and Greek form prevailed. In the classical period Egnatius was used as a nomen (gentilitial name) and not as a praenomen (first name) or cognomen (surname), except in very rare cases. (…) The most important conclusion, perhaps unexpected, but not unknown, is that St. Ignatius did not change his name. That is to say, he did not intend to change it. What he did was to adopt for France and Italy a name which he believed was a simple variant of his own, and which was more acceptable among foreigners…. If he had remained in Spain, he would have, without doubt, remained Iñigo.
- ^ Page 9, Ignatius of Loyola, the Psychology of a Saint; W.W Meissner SJ MD, Yale University Press, 1992
- ^ “Saint Ignatius of Loyola’s Vision of Christ and God the Father at La Storta”.lacma.org. Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA). November 30, 2016.
- ^ Ironically, the Song of Roland has Roland being slain by Moors, when historically his death was at the hands of Basques like Íñigo himself.
- ^ a b c Richard Cohen (August 5, 2003). By the Sword: A History of Gladiators, Musketeers, Samurai, Swashbucklers, and Olympic Champions. Modern Library Paperbacks.
- ^ a b c Traub, S.J.,George and Mooney, Ph.D., Debra. A Biography of St. Ignatius Loyola, Xavier University
- ^ In Spanish the title was “Gentilhombre”, but this should not be understood as synonymous with the English term gentleman, which denotes a man of good family. See Thomas Rochford, Ignatius Loyola: the pilgrim and man of prayer who founded the Society of Jesus “St. Ignatius Loyola: the pilgrim and man of prayer who founded the Society of Jesus”, accessed Nov. 15, 2007.
- ^ Rochford, Thomas. “St. Ignatius Loyola: the pilgrim and man of prayer who founded the Society of Jesus”. Society of Jesus. Retrieved 2007-11-15.
- ^ De Vita Christi is a commentary on the Gospels, using extracts from the works of over sixty Church Fathers, and particularly quoting from St Gregory the Great, St Basil, St Augustine and the Venerable Bede. This work took Ludolph forty years to complete.
- ^ Sr Mary Immaculate Bodenstedt, “The Vita Christi of Ludolphus the Carthusian”, a Dissertation, Washington: Catholic University of America Press 1944 British Library Catalogue No. Ac2692.y/29.(16).
- ^ “The Vita Christi” by Charles Abbot Conway Analecta Cartusiana 34
- ^ “Ludolph’s Life of Christ” by Father Henry James Coleridge in The Month Vol. 17 (New Series VI) July — December 1872, pp. 337–370
- ^ “The Cave an artistic heritage”. The Cave. Place of pilgrimage and worship. Retrieved 4 August 2014.
- ^ Jean Lacouture, Jesuits, A Multibiography, Washington, D.C.: Counterpoint, 1995, p. 18.
- ^ Demski, Eric (2014). Living by the Sword. Bloomington, Indiana: Trafford Publishing. p. 289. ISBN 978-1-490-73607-5.ISBN 1-49073607-7.
- ^ Twelve years later, standing before the Pope with his companions, Ignatius would again propose sending his companions as emissaries to Jerusalem. Jean Lacouture,Jesuits, A Multibiography, Washington, D.C.: Counterpoint, 1995, p. 24.
- ^ That is, the present-day Complutense University of Madrid, not the newer University of Alcalá established in 1977.
- ^ Jesuits, A Multibiography by Jean Lacouture, pp. 27–29, Washington, D.C.: Counterpoint, 1995
- ^ Michael Servetus Research Website that includes graphical documents in the University of Paris of: Ignations of Loyola, Francis Xavier, Alfonso Salmerón, Nicholas Bobadilla, Peter Faber and Simao Rodrigues, as well as Michael de Villanueva (“Servetus”)
- ^ a b History of The World by John Clarke Ridpath, Vol. V, pp. 238, New York: Merrill & Baker, 1899
- ^ J.H. Pollen (1913). “History of the Jesuits Before the 1773 Suppression“. In Herbermann, Charles. Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
- ^ Jesuitas (1583). “SEXTA PARS – CAP. 1“. Constitutiones Societatis Iesu: cum earum declarationibus (in Latin).
- ^ Ignatius of Loyola (1970). The constitutions of the society of Jesus. Translated by George E. Ganss. Institute of Jesuit Sources. p. 249.
Carried and directed by Divine Providence through the agency of the superior as if he were a lifeless body which allows itself to be carried to any place and to be treated in any manner desired.
- ^ Life of Ignatius – New Orleans Province of the Society of Jesus
- ^ St. Ignatius Feast Day – The Archdiocese of Baltimore.
- ^ Tantiangco, Aya (20 July 2016). “PHL film ‘Ignacio de Loyola’ not just for the religious, say director and star”. GMA Network (company). Retrieved 28 July 2016.
- ^ Manresa Iconography – Manresa House of Retreats, Convent, LA.
- ^ Loyola Crests – Loyola High School, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
- ^ The Crest – Saint Ignatius’ College, Riverview, Lane Cove, New South Wales, Australia.
- The Spiritual Exercises of St Ignatius, TAN Books, 2010. ISBN 978-0-89555-153-5
- Ignatius of Loyola, Spiritual Exercises, London, 2012. limovia.net ISBN 978-1-78336-012-3
- Loyola, (St.) Ignatius (1964). The Spiritual Exercises of St. Ignatius. Anthony Mottola. Garden City: Doubleday. ISBN 978-0-385-02436-5.
- Loyola, (St.) Ignatius (1900). Joseph O’Conner, ed. The Autobiography of St. Ignatius. New York: Benziger Brothers.OCLC 1360267. For information on the O’Conner and other translations, see notes inA Pilgrim’s Journey: The Autobiography of Ignatius of Loyola Page 11-12.
- Loyola, (St.) Ignatius (1992). John Olin, ed.The Autobiography of St. Ignatius Loyola, with Related Documents. New York: Fordham University Press. ISBN 0-8232-1480-X.
- Foss, Michael (1969). The Founding of the Jesuits, 1540. Turning Points in History Series. London: Hamilton. ISBN 0-241-01513-8.
- Bartoli, Daniello (1855). History of the Life and Institute of St. Ignatius de Loyola: Founder of the Society of Jesus. New York: Edward Dunigan and Brother.
- Caraman, Philip (1990). Ignatius Loyola: A Biography of the Founder of the Jesuits’. San Francisco: Harper & Row. ISBN 0-06-250130-5.
- O’Malley, John W. (1993). The First Jesuits. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 0-674-30312-1.
- Meissner, William (1992). Ignatius of Loyola: The Psychology of a Saint. New Haven: Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-06079-3.
- García Villoslada, Ricardo (1986). San Ignacio de Loyola: Nueva biografía (in Spanish). La Editorial Católica. ISBN 84-220-1267-7.
- August Derleth, St. Ignatius and the Company of Jesus, Vision Books, 1956.LCCN 56-7278
- Life of St. Ignatius of Loyola, TAN Books, 1997. ISBN 978-0-89555-345-4
- St. Ignatius of Loyola, TAN Books, 2008.ISBN 978-0-89555-624-0
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